Name the electromagnetic wave/radiation which is used to study crystal structure. - Physics (Theory)

Advertisements
Advertisements
One Line Answer

Name the electromagnetic wave/radiation which is used to study crystal structure.

Advertisements

Solution

X-rays are the electromagnetic radiation used for studying the crystal structure of solids.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2022-2023 (March) Official

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [2]

RELATED QUESTIONS

Arrange the following electromagnetic wave in the order of their increasing wavelength:

(a) γ- rays

(b) Microwaves

(c) X-rays

(d) Radio waves


An em wave exerts pressure on the surface on which it is incident. Justify.


How is the speed of em-waves in vacuum determined by the electric and magnetic field?


In the study of a photoelectric effect the graph between the stopping potential V and frequency v of the incident radiation on two different metals P and Q is shown below:

(i) Which one of the two metals has higher threshold frequency?

(ii) Determine the work function of the metal which has greater value.

(iii) Find the maximum kinetic energy of electron emitted by light of frequency 8 × 1014 Hz for this metal.


What is the ratio of the speed of gamma rays to that of radio waves in a vacuum?


How are electric vector `(vec "E")`, magnetic vector `(vec "B")` and velocity vector `(vec "C")` oriented in an electromagnetic wave?


Write the following radiations in ascending order with respect to their frequencies:

X-rays, microwaves, UV rays and radio waves.


How does a charge q oscillating at certain frequency produce electromagnetic waves?

Sketch a schematic diagram depicting electric and magnetic fields for an electromagnetic wave propagating along the Z-direction.


A wire carries an alternating current i = i0 sin ωt. Is there an electric field in the vicinity of the wire?


A capacitor is connected to an alternating-current source. Is there a magnetic field between the plates?


Can an electromagnetic wave be polarised?


A plane electromagnetic wave is passing through a region. Consider (a) electric field (b) magnetic field (c) electrical energy in a small volume and (d) magnetic energy in a small volume. Construct the pairs of the quantities that oscillate with equal frequencies.


An electromagnetic wave going through vacuum is described by
E = E0 sin (kx − ωt); B = B0 sin (kx − ωt).
Which of the following equations is true?


Displacement current goes through the gap between the plates of a capacitor when the charge of the capacitor

(a) increases
(b) decreases
(c) does not change
(d) is zero


Speed of electromagnetic waves is the same


The energy contained in a small volume through which an electromagnetic wave is passing oscillates with


Consider the situation of the previous problem. Define displacement resistance Rd = V/idof the space between the plates, where V is the potential difference between the plates and id is the displacement current. Show that Rd varies with time as `R_d = R(e^(t"/"tau) - 1)` .


A laser beam has intensity 2.5 × 1014 W m−2. Find amplitudes of electric and magnetic fields in the beam.


The energy associated with light of which of the following colours is minimum : 


This is an example of step-up transformer .


Define frequency modulation and state any one advantage of frequency modulation (FM) over amplitude modulation (AM). 


State any one property which is common to all electromagnetic waves.


The energy levels of an atom of a certain element are shown in the given figure. Which one of the transitions A, B, C, D or E will result in the emission of photons of electromagnetic radiation of wavelength 618.75 nm? Support your answer with mathematical calculations.


The dimension of `1/(mu_0 ∈_0)` is


Which of the following electromagnetic radiations is used for viewing objects through fog ______.


Give two uses of UV radiation.


Write a short note on the microwave.


Discuss the Hertz experiment.


Explain the Maxwell’s modification of Ampere’s circuital law.


Explain the importance of Maxwell’s correction.


Discuss the source of electromagnetic waves.


Consider a parallel plate capacitor whose plates are closely spaced. Let R be the radius of the plates and the current in the wire connected to the plates is 5 A, calculate the displacement current through the surface passing between the plates by directly calculating the rate of change of flux of electric field through the surface.


If the relative permeability and relative permittivity of the medium is 1.0 and 2.25, respectively. Find the speed of the electromagnetic wave in this medium.


In plane electromagnetic wave propagation velocity v, wavelength λ and frequency ν are related by ______.


A man standing on the road has to hold his umbrella at 30° with the vertical to keep the rain away. He throws away the umbrella and starts, running at 10 km/h and finds raindrops hitting his head vertically. The speed of the raindrops with respect to the road is ______.


A plane electromagnetic wave travels in free space along x-axis. At a particular point in space, the electric field along y-axis is 9.3 Vm−1. The magnetic induction (B) along z-axis is:


Dimensions of 1/(µOE0) is


An accelerate electron would produce.


Maxwell's equation describe the fundamental law of


Which of the following are not electromagnetic waves?


The sun delivers 103w/m2 of electromagnetic flux to the earth's surface. The total power that is incident on a roof of dimension 8m/10m will be


Dimensions of ε0 `(d phi_ε)/(dt)` are of


For which frequency of light, the eye is most sensitive?


Electromagnetic waves are produced by ______.


Which of the following type of radiations are radiated by an oscillating electric charge?


For a plane electromagnetic wave propagating in x-direction, which one of the following combinations gives the correct possible directions for electric field (E) and magnetic field (B) respectively?


For a plane electromagnetic wave propagating in the x-direction, which one of the following combinations gives the correct possible directions for the electric field (E) and magnetic field (B) respectively?


A linearly polarized electromagnetic wave given as E = Eoî cos (kz – ωt) is incident normally on a perfectly reflecting infinite wall at z = a. Assuming that the material of the wall is optically inactive, the reflected wave will be given as ______.


A plane EM wave travelling in vacuum along z direction is given by `E = E_0 sin(kz - ωt)hati` and `B = B_0 sin(kz - ωt)hatj` 

  1. Evaluate `oint E.dl` over the rectangular loop 1234 shown in figure.
  2. Evaluate `int B.ds` over the surface bounded by loop 1234.
  3. Use equation `oint E.dl = (-dphi_B)/(dt)` to prove `E_0/B_0` = c.
  4. By using similar process and the equation `ointB.dl = mu_0I + ε_0 (dphi_E)/(dt)`, prove that c = `1/sqrt(mu_0ε_0)`


The intensity of the light from a bulb incident on a surface is 0.22 W/m2 . The amplitude of the magnetic field in this light-wave is ______× 10–9 T. 

(Given: Permittivity of vacuum ε0 = 8.85 × 10–12 C2 N–1 – m–2, speed of light in vacuum c = 3 × 108 ms-1)


A plane electromagnetic wave of frequency 500 MHz is travelling in a vacuum along a y-direction.

At a particular point in space and time, `vec"B"` = 8.0 × 10-8 `hat"Z"`T. The value of the electric field at this point is ______.

(speed of light = 3 × 108 ms-1)

`hat x, hat y, hat z` are unit vectors along x, y, and Z directions.


A plane electromagnetic wave, has frequency of 2.0 × 1010 Hz and its energy density is 1.02 × 10-8 J/m3 in vacuum. The amplitude of the magnetic field of the wave is close to `(1/(4piepsilon_0) = 9xx10^9"Nm"^2/"C"^2  "and speed of light" = 3 xx 10^8  "m"  "s"^-1)`:


The electric field in a plane electromagnetic wave is given by `vecE = 200cos[((0.5 xx 10^3)/m)x - (1.5 xx 10^11 "rad"/s xx t)]V/mhatj`. If the wave falls normally on a perfectly reflecting surface having an area of 100 cm2. If the radiation pressure exerted by the E.M. wave on the surface during a 10-minute exposure is `x/10^9 N/m^2`. Find the value of x.


A plane electromagnetic wave travels in free space along the x-direction. The electric field component of the wave at a particular point of space and time is E = 6 Vm-1 along the y-direction. Its corresponding magnetic field component, B would be ______.


Sunlight falls normally on a surface of area 36 cm2 and exerts an average force of 7.2 × 10-9 N within a time period of 20 minutes. Considering a case of complete absorption the energy flux of incident light is ______.


The electric field in an electromagnetic wave is given by E = 56.5 sin ω(t - x/c)Nc-1. Find the intensity of the wave if it is propagating along x-axis in the free space.

(Given ε0 = 8.85 × 10-12 C2 N-1 m-2)


An electromagnetic wave of frequency 3 GHz enters a dielectric medium of relative electric permittivity 2.25 from vacuum. The wavelength of this wave in that medium will be ______ × 10-2 cm. 


In a plane electromagnetic wave, the direction of electric field and magnetic field are represented by `hat"k"` and 2`hat"i" - 2hat"j"`, respectively. What is the unit vector along direction of propagation of the wave.


A 27 mW laser beam has a cross-sectional area of 10 mm2. The magnitude of the maximum electric field in this electromagnetic wave is given by:

[Given permittivity of space ∈0 = 9 × 10-12 SI units, Speed of light c = 3  108 m/s] 


Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×