Name the gas evolved when ethanoic acid is added to sodium carbonate. How would you prove the presence of this gas?
Carbon dioxide evolves when ethanoic acid is added to sodium carbonate.
2CH3COOH + Na2CO3 → 2CH3COONa + CO2 + H2O
When the gas evolved during this reaction, is passed through the lime water in a test tube, the latter turns milky. This indicates that the gas evolved is carbon dioxide.