Name the elements water is made of. What are the valencies of these elements ? Work out the chemical
formula for water.
Water (H2O) is made of Hydrogen and Oxygen.
Valency of Hydrogen is 1, and valency of Oxygen is 2.
Valency of one Hydrogen atom = 1
Valency of one Oxygen atom = 2
Therefore, to balance the valency of Oxygen atom, 2 atoms of Hydrogen atoms are required.
Hence, 2 atoms of Hydrogen will combine with 1 atom of Oxygen to form one molecule of water with the chemical formula H2O.
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