Name the defect of vision which can be corrected by a diverging lens. Show clearly by a ray diagram how the lens corrects the defect.
Myopia (short-sightedness) is a defect of vision that can be corrected by using diverging or concave lenses. The following ray diagram clearly shows the correction of myopia by using a diverging lens.
A person with myopia does not see distant objects clearly but has normal near vision. Fig. (a) shows the far point of the myopic eye, and fig. (b) shows the parallel light rays from a distant object forming an image at a point in front of the retina. To correct this defect, a concave lens is used, because of which, in fig. (c), we observe the rays being diverged first so that they form a clear image on the retina.
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- Eye Defect and Its Correction: Myopia Or Near-sightedness