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A Box of Oranges is Inspected by Examining Three Randomly Selected Oranges Drawn Without Replacement. If All the Three Oranges Are Good, the Box is Approved for Sale, Otherwise, It is Rejected. Find the Probability that a Box Containing 15 Oranges Out of Which 12 Are Good and 3 Are Bad Ones Will Be Approved for Sale - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Mathematics

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Question

A box of oranges is inspected by examining three randomly selected oranges drawn without replacement. If all the three oranges are good, the box is approved for sale, otherwise, it is rejected. Find the probability that a box containing 15 oranges out of which 12 are good and 3 are bad ones will be approved for sale

Solution

Let A, B, and C be the respective events that the first, second, and third drawn orange is good.

Therefore, probability that first drawn orange is good, P (A) = 12/15

The oranges are not replaced.

Therefore, probability of getting second orange good, P (B) = =11/14

Similarly, probability of getting third orange good, P(C) =10/13

The box is approved for sale, if all the three oranges are good.

Thus, probability of getting all the oranges good = 12/15 x 11/14 x 10/13 = 44/91

Therefore, the probability that the box is approved for sale is 44/91

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Solution A Box of Oranges is Inspected by Examining Three Randomly Selected Oranges Drawn Without Replacement. If All the Three Oranges Are Good, the Box is Approved for Sale, Otherwise, It is Rejected. Find the Probability that a Box Containing 15 Oranges Out of Which 12 Are Good and 3 Are Bad Ones Will Be Approved for Sale Concept: Multiplication Theorem on Probability.
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