Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Mr Angad made his life full of tensions and anxiety. He started taking sleeping pills to overcome the depression without consulting the doctor - Chemistry

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Due to hectic and busy schedule, Mr Angad made his life full of tensions and anxiety. He started taking sleeping pills to overcome the depression without consulting the doctor. Mr Deepak, a close friend of Mr. Angad advised him to stop taking sleeping pills and suggested to change his life lifestyle by doing yoga, meditation and some physical exercise. Mr. Angad followed his friend’s advice and after few days he started feeling better.

After reading the above passage, answer the following

(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Mr. Deepak?

(ii) Why is it not advisable to take sleeping pills without consulting doctor?

(iii) What are tranquilisers? Give two examples.

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Solution 1

(i) The following values are displayed by Mr. Deepak:

(a) Care and concern: He cared for the well-being of his friend Mr. Angad.

(b) Knowledge: He suggested his friend effective measures to counter stress and anxiety.

(ii) Sleeping pills are prescribed by doctors to patients in stress, pain or depression. It should not be taken without a prescription or a doctor's consultancy because these pills have several side effects. Sleeping pills slow down the functioning of the brain and the nervous system.

(iii) Tranquillisers are those class of organic compounds that are neurologically active drugs. They perform their function by inhibiting the message transfer mechanism from nerve to receptor. They induce a sense of well-being and are used in the treatment of stress, anxiety, irritability and mental diseases. Their examples are chlordiazepoxide, iproniazid, phenelzine, meprobamate and equanil.

Solution 2

(i)Carefulness, honesty and thoughtfulness are the values which are displayed by Mr Deepak as he advised Mr Angad to stop taking pills and suggested an alternative option to reduce tension and anxiety

(ii)Sleeping pills should not be taken without consulting the doctor because they have several side effects like slowing down the functioning of the brain and the nervous system

(iii)Tranquillisers are drugs which are used to reduce anxiety, fear, tension, agitation and related states of mental disturbance. They perform their function by inhibiting the message transfer mechanism from the nerve to the receptor.

Examples: Phenelzine, equanil

Concept: Drugs and Their Classification
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