PUC Karnataka Science Class 12Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka
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Solution - A hydrocarbon C5H10 does not react with chlorine in dark but gives a single monochloro compound C5H9Cl in bright sunlight. Identify the hydrocarbon. - PUC Karnataka Science Class 12 - Chemistry

Question

A hydrocarbon C5H10 does not react with chlorine in dark but gives a single monochloro compound C5H9Cl in bright sunlight. Identify the hydrocarbon.

Solution

A hydrocarbon with the molecular formula, C5H10 belongs to the group with a general molecular formula CnH2n. Therefore, it may either be an alkene or a cycloalkane.

Since hydrocarbon does not react with chlorine in the dark, it cannot be an alkene. Thus, it should be a cycloalkane.

Further, the hydrocarbon gives a single monochloro compound, C5H9Cl by reacting with chlorine in bright sunlight. Since a single monochloro compound is formed, the hydrocarbon must contain H−atoms that are all equivalent. Also, as all H−atoms of a cycloalkane are equivalent, the hydrocarbon must be a cycloalkane. Hence, the said compound is cyclopentane.

Cyclopentane (C5H10)

The reactions involved in the question are:

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

 NCERT Chemistry Textbook for Class 12 Part 2 (with solutions)
Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Q: 5 | Page no. 311

Reference Material

Solution for question: A hydrocarbon C5H10 does not react with chlorine in dark but gives a single monochloro compound C5H9Cl in bright sunlight. Identify the hydrocarbon. concept: Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes. For the courses PUC Karnataka Science, CBSE (Science)
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