(a) Give the names and formulae of one metal chloride and one non-metal chloride.
(b) State an important property in which these metal chloride and non-metal chloride differ.
(c) Why do they differ in this property?
(a) Sodium chloride is a metal chloride and its formula is NaCl.
Hydrogen chloride is a non-metal chloride and its formula is HCl.
(b) Metal chlorides are ionic chlorides, which are electrolytes that can conduct electricity. However, non-metal chlorides are covalent chlorides, which are non-electrolytes that do not conduct electricity.
(c) They differ in this property because of the bonding in the chlorides. Metal chlorides have ionic bonds but non-metal chlorides have covalent bonds.
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