Mention the Advantages of Selecting Pea Plant for Experiment by Mendel - Biology

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Mention the advantages of selecting pea plant for experiment by Mendel.

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Solution

Mendel selected pea plants to carry out his study on the inheritance of characters from parents to offspring.

He selected a pea plant because of the following features.

(a) Peas have many visible contrasting characters such as tall/dwarf plants, round/wrinkled seeds, green/yellow pod, purple/white flowers, etc.

(b) Peas have bisexual flowers and therefore undergo self pollination easily. Thus, pea plants produce offsprings with same traits generation after generation.

(c) In pea plants, cross pollination can be easily achieved by emasculation in which the stamen of the flower is removed without affecting the pistil.

(d) Pea plants have a short life span and produce many seeds in one generation

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Chapter 5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation - Exercises [Page 93]

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NCERT Biology Class 12
Chapter 5 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Exercises | Q 1 | Page 93

RELATED QUESTIONS

Appearance of new combinations in F2 generation in a dihybrid cross proves the law of_____________ .

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b) Write the phenotypic ratio of the F2 generation

c) Write the possible combinations of the gametes that can be obtained if two F1 hybrid plants are crossed.

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5) What is the scientific name of the plant which Mendel used for his experiments on inheritance?


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