A vehicle moving with a speed of 18 km h–1covers....m in 1 s
The unit of length convenient on the atomic scale is known as an angstrom and is denoted by `Å: 1Å = 10^(-10)m` . The size of a hydrogen atom is about 0.5Å. what is the total atomic volume in m3 of a mole of hydrogen atoms?
Explain this common observation clearly : If you look out of the window of a fast moving train, the nearby trees, houses etc. seem to move rapidly in a direction opposite to the train’s motion, but the distant objects (hill tops, the Moon, the stars etc.) seem to be stationary. (In fact, since you are aware that you are moving, these distant objects seem to move with you)
Just as precise measurements are necessary in science, it is equally important to be able to make rough estimates of quantities using rudimentary ideas and common observations. Think of ways by which you can estimate the following (where an estimate is difficult to obtain, try to get an upper bound on the quantity):
the number of strands of hair on your head
The Sun is a hot plasma (ionized matter) with its inner core at a temperature exceeding 107 K, and its outer surface at a temperature of about 6000 K. At these high temperatures, no substance remains in a solid or liquid phase. In what range do you expect the mass density of the Sun to be, in the range of densities of solids and liquids or gases? Check if your guess is correct from the following data: mass of the Sun = 2.0 × 1030 kg, radius of the Sun = 7.0 × 108 m.
- Physics Textbook for Class 11 Part 1