Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
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Make a List of the Institutes and Organizations Who Provide Help for Disaster Managment. Collect More Information About Their Work. - Science

Answer in Brief

Make a list of the institutes and organizations who provide help for disaster managment. Collect more information about their work.

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International government organisations working for disaster management are:

(a) The United Nations and its organisations:

  • The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the UN (FAO): It gives early warning of impending food crises, and keep tracks of global food supply problems.
  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): It helps disaster-prone countries with disaster mitigation, prevention and preparedness measures.
  • The World Food Programme (WFP): It is the main supplier of relief food aid.
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO): It gives global public health leadership by setting standards, monitoring health trends, and providing direction on emergency health issues. WHO’s role is to reduce avoidable loss of life and the burden of disease and disability.

(b) The International Committee of the Red Cross ( ICRC): It gives physical rehabilitation to people injured by explosive weapons or other types of incident.

(c) The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies ( IFRC): It coordinates and gives international help to victims of natural and technological disasters, to refugees and in health emergencies.

International non-governmental agencies working for disaster management are:

(a) International Rescue Committee (IRC): It provides lifesaving care and life-changing help to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster.

(b) IMA World Health: It, in collaboration with USAID, the World Bank and many other organisations, builds sustainable health care systems.

(c) CARE: It is an organisation fighting global poverty. It works for women and puts efforts to improve their basic education, prevent the spread of HIV by providing awareness among them, give them increase access to clean water and sanitation, expand economic opportunity for them. It provides emergency aid to survivors of war and natural disasters, and helps people rebuild their lives.

Indian organisations and institutes working for disaster management are:

(a) National Disaster Response Force (NDRF): The multi-disciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech force of the NDMA are capable of dealing with all types of natural and man-made disasters.

(b) National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA): It lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters.

(C) National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM): It has been given the responsibilities for human resource development, capacity building, training, research, documentation and policy advocacy in the field of disaster management.

Concept: Disaster Relief - Planning
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Balbharati General Science 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 9 Disaster Management
Exercise | Q 4 | Page 66
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