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Low Level of Noradrenaline is the Cause of Depression. What Types of Drugs Are Needed to Cure this Problem? Name Two Drugs. - Chemistry

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ConceptTherapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Neurologically Active Drugs

Question

Low level of noradrenaline is the cause of depression. What types of drugs are needed to cure this problem? Name two drugs.

Solution 1

Anti-depressant drugs are needed to counteract the effect of depression. These drugs inhibit enzymes catalysing the degradation of the neurotransmitter, noradrenaline. As a result, the important neurotransmitter is slowly metabolised and then it can activate its receptor for longer periods of time.

Two anti-depressant drugs are:

(i) Iproniazid

(ii) Phenelzine

Solution 2

In case of low level of neurotransmitter, . noradrenaline, tranquilizer (antidepressant) drugs are required because low levels of noradrenaline leads to depression. These drugs inhibit the enzymes which catalyse the degradation of noradrenaline. If the enzyme is inhibited, noradrenaline is slowly metabolized and can activate its receptor for longer periods of time thereby reducing depression. Two important drugs are iproniazid and phenylzine.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Chemistry Textbook for Class 12 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life
Q: 8 | Page no. 454
Solution Low Level of Noradrenaline is the Cause of Depression. What Types of Drugs Are Needed to Cure this Problem? Name Two Drugs. Concept: Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Neurologically Active Drugs.
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