Long Answer Type Questions:
List various types of nutrients and write the functions of each.
The various types of nutrients are:
(i) Carbohydrates: They are mainly energy-providing nutrients.
(ii) Fats: They provide energy for the body. They give much more energy than carbohydrates if consumed in the same amount.
(iii) Proteins: They are called body-building foods. Proteins help in the formation and repair of body parts. Skin, hair, muscles, enzymes are made up of proteins.
(iv) Vitamins: Vitamins help in protecting our body against disease. They also protect eyes, bones, teeth, and gums.
(v) Minerals: Minerals are essential for the proper growth of the body and to maintain good health.