Answer in Brief
Long Answer Type Question:
Mention different types of vegetation found in India.
Five different types of vegetation are found in India:
- Tropical rain forests: These forests are found in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. They are very dense and sunlight never reaches the ground. The trees of these forests shed their leaves at different times of the year. Therefore, they always appear green are called evergreen forests. Important trees of these forests are mahogany, ebony, and rosewood. They are found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states, and a narrow strip of the western slope of the Western Ghats.
- Tropical deciduous forests: These forests are also known as monsoon forests and are found in a large part of the country. They are less dense. They shed their leaves at a particular time of the year. Sal, teak, neem, peepal, and Sheesham are important trees found in these forests. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, etc. are home to these forests.
- Thorny bushes: They are found in dry areas. Cactus, Khair, babool, and Keekar are important thorny bushes. They are found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, etc.
- Mountain Vegetation: A variety of trees are found in the mountains. They are conical in shape. Hence trees are called conical trees. Chir, pine, and deodar are important trees of these forests.
(v) Mangrove Forests. These forests grow in saline water. They are found in Sundarbans in West Bengal and in the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Sundari is a well-known species of trees in mangrove-forests.
Concept: Natural Vegetation
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