Long Answer Type Question:
How can you show that some solids like sugar, salt are soluble in water whereas solids like chalk powder and sand are not soluble in water?
Collect samples of sugar, salt, chalk powder, and sand. Take four beakers. Fill each one of them about two-third with water. Add a teaspoonful of sugar to the first beaker, salt to the second, chalk powder to the third, and sand to the fourth. Stir the contents of each beaker with a spoon/stirrer.
(a) The solid substance is visible in water and hence insoluble (chalk powder and sand)
(b) The solid is not visible in water and hence soluble (sugar and salt)
Wait for a few minutes and observe what happens to the substances added to the’ water.
Note down your observations in the following table.
|Sr. No.||Substance||Disappears in water/ does not disappear|
|1.||Sugar||Disappears completely in water|
|2.||Salt||Disappears completely in water|
|3.||Chalk powder||Does not disappear in water|
|4.||Sand||Does not disappear in water|
(i) Sugar and salt are soluble in water.
(ii) Chalk powder and sand are insoluble in water.