Long Answer Type Question:
Explain various kinds of joints found in our body and give example of each.
There are five types of joints in our body:
(i) Fixed joints: Those joints which do not allow movement are called fixed joint.
(ii) Ball and socket joint: This joint allows movement in all directions. The rounded end of one bone fits into the hollow space of other bone. For example, joint between upper arm and shoulder.
Ball and Socket Joint
(iii) Pivotal joint: This type of joint allows movement in all planes, i.e. up and down, side, and other planes. For example, head.
(iv) Hinge joint: The joint which allows movement only in one plane is called hinge joint. For example, fingers, knees.
Hinge Joint of the knee
(v) Gliding joint: These joints allow only a limited amount of movement of the sliding nature of cartilage. For example, the Joints of the backbone.