Long Answer Question
What do you mean by the term ‘share’? Discuss the type of shares, which can be issued under the Companies Act, 2013 as amended to date.
The total capital of a company is divided into equal units of small denomination termed as shares. The ownership of these shares is easily transferable, from one person to other, subject to certain conditions. The person who is contributing in the capital in the form of shares is known as shareholder. The ownership of a shareholder is limited to the value of the shares held by him/her.
Types of Shares
As per the Section 44 of the Company Act of 2013, there are two types of shares- Preference Shares and Equity Shares (also known as Ordinary Shares)
i) Preference Shares: Section 43 of the Company Act,2013 defines Preference Shares to be featured by the following rights:
a. Preference Shares entitle its holder the right to receive dividend at a fixed rate or fixed amount.
b. Preference Shares entitle its holder the preferential right to receive repayment of capital invested by them before their equity counterparts at the time of winding up of the company.
ii) Equity Shares: Equity Shareholders have a voting right and control the affairs of a company.
As per Section 43 of Companies Act 2013; equity share is a share that is not a preference share. It does not possess any preferential right of payment of dividend or repayment of capital. The rate of dividend is not fixed on equity shares and varies from year to year, depending upon the amount of profit available for distribution after paying dividend to the preference shareholders.
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- Types of Shares - Preference Shares Equity Shares