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Long answer question Describe in brief, an account of disorders of the adrenal gland. - Biology

Answer in Brief

Long answer question

Describe in brief, an account of disorders of the adrenal gland.

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Solution

Disorders of the adrenal gland:

i. Addison’s disease: It is caused due to hypersecretion of glucocorticoids (hormone secreted adrenal cortex). It is characterized by low blood sugar, low Na+, and high K+ concentration in plasma increased loss of Na+ and water in urine. It leads to weight loss, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea.

ii. Cushing’s disease: It is caused due to Hyposecretion of mineralocorticoids (a hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex) It leads to high blood sugar levels, excretion of glucose in the urine, rise in Na+ level in the blood, high blood pressure, obesity, and wasting of limb muscles.

Concept: Adrenal Gland/Suprarenal Gland
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Balbharati Biology 12th Standard HSC for Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 9 Control and Co-ordination
Exercise | Q 7.1 | Page 220
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