Local Self-governance is an Example of - Legal Reasoning


Local self-governance is an example of


  • federalism

  • democratic decentralization

  • direct democracy

  • administrative delegation



democratic decentralization


Local Self Government is the management of local affairs or issues by such local bodies who have been elected by the local people. Self- governing rural local bodies are described in the Indian context as institutions of democratic decentralization or Panchayati Raj.   

Concept: Study of Law (Entrance Exams)
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In this Question problem consists of a set of rules and facts. Apply the specified rules to the set of facts and answer the question. In answering the following question, you should not rely on any rule(s) except the rule(s) that are supplied for problem. Further, you should not assume any fact other than 'those stated in the problem. The aim is to test your ability to properly apply a rule to a given set of facts, even when the result is absurd or unacceptable for any other reason. It is not the aim to test any knowledge of law you may already possess. 

Whoever finds an unattended object can keep it unless the true owner claims that object. This does not affect the property owner's right to the ownership of the property on which the object is found. The right to ownership of a property does not include the right to ownership of unattended objects on that property. 

Elizabeth is the CEO of a global management services company in Chennai and is on her way to Ranchi to deliver the convocation address at India's leading business school on the outskirts of Ranchi. Flying business class on Dolphin Airlines, she is entitled to use the lounge owned by the airline in Chennai Airport while waiting for her flight. She finds a diamond ear-ring on the floor of the lounge and gives it to the staff of Dolphin Airlines expressly stating that in the event of nobody claiming the ear-ring within six months, she would claim it back. The airline sells the ear-ring after eight months and Elizabeth files a case to recover the value of the ear-ring from the airline when she is informed about its sale. To the original fact scenario, the following fact is added: In the lounge there are numerous signboards which proclaim 'Any unattended item will be confiscated by Dolphin Airlines'. In this case, you would:

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as principle and other as Fact. You are to exa.mine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.

PRINCIPLE: Preparation is not an offense except the preparation of some special offenses.

FACT: Ramesh keeps poisoned halua in his house, wishing to kill Binoy whom he invited to a party and to whom he wishes to give it Unknown to Ramesh. his only son takes the halua and dies. In this case.

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: Idol is a person who can hold property.

Reason: Only human being can be called person, not lifeless things.

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: Laws are means of achieving an end namely social control.

Reason: The ultimate end of law is to secure greatest happiness to greatest number.

Given below is a Statement of legal principle followed by a factual situation. Apply the principle to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

Principle: Letters or words not describing the quality of things can be registered as a trademark.

Facts: Ram made an application for registration of alphabet 'B' written in a fancy style as a trademark to be applied on packets and cartons of shoes manufactured by him.

Principle: Nothing is an offence, which is done by accident or misfortune, and without any criminal intention or knowledge in the doing of a lawful act in a lawful manner by lawful means and with proper care and caution.

Facts: 'A' takes up a gun, not knowing whether it is loaded or not, points it playfully at 'B' and pulls the trigger. Consequently, 'B' falls dead.

Principle: Consent is a good defence in a civil action for tort but the act should be the same for which consent was given.

Fact: 'B' was formally invited by 'A' to his house. 'B' after sitting for some time in drawing room, moved to the bedroom of the house. 'A' sued 'B' for trespass.

Legal phrase is followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Lex loci

Legal phrase is followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Pari passu

Mark the best option:
Joint heirs to a property are called -

Mark the best option:
Who is a consumer under the Consumer Protection Act?

Mark the best option:
Which one is not a qualification for appointment as a High Court Judge?

Examine the Statement and Conclusions given below and choose a suitable answer from the options given:

Statement: Necessity knows no law.


1. The act of a captain throwing some cargo into the ocean to save the ship from sinking is justified by the principle.
2. The act of a man out of poverty and starvation stealing some food from a hotel is justified by the principle.
3. The act of a tourist killing a tiger when it was attacking a villager is justified by the principle.

Mark the best option:
Principle: If a person below 18 years of age obtains property or goods by misrepresenting his age, he can be compelled to restore it, but only so long as the same is in his possession.
Facts: Niraj, a student of class 12 aged 171/2 years succeeded in deceiving Bhawarlal; a money-lender by telling him a lie about his age, and so got him to lend Rupees five thousand on the faith of his being adult. He lost the whole sum in gambling.

Mark the best option:
Caveat emptor means –

The following can be patented

The following can not be exploited by assigning or by licensing the rights to others.

Trade Marks Act in India enacted in

As per Payment of Wages Act, the wages must be paid on _______________ day

The following question consists of two statements, one labelled as. 'Assertion' and the other as 'Reason'. Read both the statements carefully and answer using the codes given below.

Assertion (A): International law is not law at all.

Reason (R): International law has no judicial system to enforce the law by applying sanctions.


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