List three common refractive defects of vision. Suggest the way of correcting these defects.
The three common refractive defects of vision are as follows:-
Myopia (short-sightedness):- It is corrected by using spectacles having concave lenses of appropriate power.
Hypermetropia (far-sightedness):- It is corrected by using spectacles having convex lenses of appropriate power.
Presbyopia:- This defect is corrected using bifocal lenses of appropriate power in which the upper part consists of a concave lens (to correct myopia) and the lower part consists of a convex lens (to correct hypermetropia).
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- Defects of Vision and Their Correction