Answer in Brief
List the steps for preparing vermicompost.
- Dig a pit about 30 cm deep or select a wooden box.
- Spread a net or chicken mesh at the bottom .of pit or box. You can also spread 1 to 2 cm thick layer of sand.
- Spread some vegetable wastes including peels of fruits over the sand layer. You can use green leaves, husk or pieces of newspaper, dried stalks of plants and dried animal dung.
- Sprinkle some water to make the layer wet. Do not use excess of water, press layer of leaves or waste so that it has sufficient air and moisture.
- Buy some redworms and put them in the pit.
- Cover them loosely with a gummy bag or an old sheet of cloth or a layer of grass.
- Redworms need food. So you can provide them as food—vegetable and fruit peels, coffee and tea remains and weeds from the field or garden. Bury this food about 2-3 cm inside the pit.
- Do not put salt, pickles, oil, vinegar, meat and milk preparations. This may cause growth of disease-causing organisms. Redworms do not survive in very hot or very cold surroundings.
- After 3-4 weeks, put some waste food in one comer of the pit. Most of the worms will shift towards newly added food.
- Remove the compost from the vacated part and dry it in the sun for a few hours. The vermicompost becomes ready for use.
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