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Let Sn denote the sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers and sn denote the sum of the first n natural numbers. Then ∑r=1nSrsr equals ______. - Mathematics

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MCQ
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Let Sn denote the sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers and sn denote the sum of the first n natural numbers. Then `sum_(r = 1)^n S_r/s_r` equals ______.

Options

  • `(n(n + 1)(n + 2))/6`

  • `(n(n + 1))/2`

  • `(n^2 + 3n + 2)/2`

  • None of these

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Solution

Let Sn denote the sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers and sn denote the sum of the first n natural numbers. Then `sum_(r = 1)^n S_r/s_r` equals `(n(n + 1)(n + 2))/6`.

Explanation:

Given that `sum_(i = 1)^n S_r/s_r = S_1/s_1 + S_2/s_2 + S_3/s_3 + ... + S_n/s_n`

Let Tn be the nth term of the above series

∴ Tn = `S_n/s_n`

= `([(n(n + 1))/2]^2)/((n(n + 1))/2)`

= `(n(n + 1))/2`

= `(n^2 + n)/2`

Now sum of the given series

`sum"T"_"n" = 1/2 sum [n^2 + n]`

= `1/2 [sum n^2 + sum n]`

= `1/2 [(n(n + 1)(2n + 1))/6 + (n(n + 1))/2]`

= `1/2 * (n(n + 1))/2 [(2n + 1)/3 + 1]`

= `(n(n + 1))/4 [(2n + 1 + 3)/3]`

= `(n(n + 1))/4 * ((2n + 4))/3`

= `(n(n + 1)(n + 2))/6`

Concept: Sum to N Terms of Special Series
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Mathematics Exemplar Class 11
Chapter 9 Sequences and Series
Exercise | Q 24 | Page 163

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