Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Let Fpp, Fpn and Fnn Denote the Magnitudes of the Net Force by a Proton on a Proton, by a Proton on a Neutron and by a Neutron on a Neutron Respectively. - Physics

MCQ

Let Fpp, Fpn and Fnn denote the magnitudes of the net force by a proton on a proton, by a proton on a neutron and by a neutron on a neutron respectively.  neglect gravitational force. When the separation is 1 fm.

Options

  • Fpp > Fpn = Fnn

  • Fpp = Fpn = Fnn

  • Fpp > Fpn > Fnn

  • Fpp < Fpn = Fnn

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Solution

Fpp < Fpn = Fnn

Protons and neutrons are present inside the nucleus and they exert strong attractive nuclear forces on each other, which are equal in magnitude. Due to their positive charge, protons repel each other. Hence the net attractive force between two protons gets reduced, but the nuclear force is stronger than the electrostatic force at a separation of 1 fm.

∴ Fpp < Fpn = Fnn

Here, Fpp, Fpn and Fnn denote the magnitudes of the net force by a proton on a proton, by a proton on a neutron and by a neutron on a neutron, respectively.

Concept: Nuclear Energy - Introduction of Nuclear Energy
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 24 The Nucleus
MCQ | Q 6 | Page 440
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