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Legal Principle: Clause (1) of Article 15 of the Constitution of India Prohibits the State from Discriminating Between Citizens on the Ground Only of Religion, Race, Caste, Sex, Place of Birth Or Any - Legal Reasoning

MCQ

Given below is the statement of Legal principle followed by a factual situation. Apply the principle to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.
LEGAL PRINCIPLE: Clause (1) of Article 15 of the Constitution of India prohibits the State from discriminating between citizens on the ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
FACTUAL SITUATION: The admission Rules of an Engineering College located in the XYZ State of India provided that no capitation fee shall be charged from the residents of the XYZ State but the non-residents shall be required to pay capitation fee. Whether the Rules are violative of Article 15 (1) of the Constitution?
DECISION:

Options

  • Yes, because Article 15 (1) prohibits discrimination between citizens on the ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.

  • Yes, because Article 15 (1) prohibits discrimination on the basis of place of birth which impliedly includes place of residence.

  • Yes, because Article 15 (1) prohibits discrimination between citizens on the ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth and the provision suffers from causus omissus and "place of residence" is inadvertently omitted.

  • No, because Article 15 (1) does not prohibit discrimination based on the place of residence.

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Solution

No, because Article 15 (1) does not prohibit discrimination based on the place of residence.

Concept: Indian Constitution (Entrance Exams)
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