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What is the Nature of Cell-walls in Diatoms - CBSE (Science) Class 11 - Biology

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Question

What is the nature of cell-walls in diatoms?

Solution

The cell walls of diatoms are called frustules. The cell wall is chiefly composed of cellulose impregnated with glass-like silica. It is composed of two overlapping halves (or theca) that fit together like two parts of a soap box or petri dish. The upper half (lid) is called epitheca and the lower half (case) is called hypotheca. The outer covering possesses very fine markings, pits, pores and ridges. The siliceous frustules of diatoms do not decay easily. They pile up at the bottom of water reservoirs and form big heaps called diatomite or diatomaceous earth. It may extend for several hundred metres in certain areas from where the same can be mined.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Biology Textbook for Class 11 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 2: Biological Classification
Q: 3 | Page no. 28

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Solution What is the Nature of Cell-walls in Diatoms Concept: Kingdom Monera.
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