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Keeping the Resistance Constant, the Potential Difference Applied Across the Ends of a Component is Halved. by How Much Does the Current Change? - Science

Keeping the resistance constant, the potential difference applied across the ends of a component is halved. By how much does the current change?

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Solution

From Ohm's law we have:
V / I = R
Or I = V/R
Now, according to the question, the resistance is constant and the potential difference is halved.
i.e. R' = R
and V' = V/2
Then the new current is given by:
I' = V'/R'
V/2/R
= (1/2) (V/R)
= (1/2) I
It is clear from the above statement that the current becomes half.

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