Kavya is working in a company on the permanent basis. As per the job agreement she had to work for 8 hours a day and was free to work overtime. Kavya worked overtime. But even after working for long hours and putting in her best efforts, no recognition was given to her by her boss. Due to overtime she fell ill and had to take leave from her work. No one showed concern and enquired about her health. She realised that she was fulfilling only some of her needs while some other needs still remained to be fulfilled.
1) Identify and explain the needs of Kavya discussed in the above para, by quoting the lines.
2) Also explain two other needs of Kavya followed by the above needs, which still remained to be satisfied
1) According to Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy Theory, the needs of an individual can be classified into five categories which can be arranged in a hierarchical order as physiological needs, security needs, belongingness needs, esteem needs and actualisation needs. Kavya realised that she was fulfilling only ‘physiological needs’ and ‘security needs’. Physiological needs are the most basic needs in the hierarchy of needs. It comprises needs which are essential for survival and sustenance. For example, need for food, clothing and shelter. In terms of an organisation, the requirement of a basic salary is a physiological need. Security needs is that an individual requires physical and economic security. Kavya has a permanent job which ensures her complete security.
2) Two other needs of Kavya (followed by the above needs) which remain to be satisfied are ‘belongingness needs’ and ‘esteem needs’.
- Belongingness needs refer to the social needs of an individual in terms of affection and acceptance.
- Esteem needs comprise elements such as respect, dignity and recognition in the peer group.
Every individual yearns for social acceptance and belongingness and also respects and acknowledgement in the peer group. In this situation, Kavya falls sick and takes leave, but no one showed concern and enquired about her health.