K and P Were Partners in a Firm Sharing Profits in the Ratio of 7:5. on 31-1-2016 Their Firm Was Dissolved. After Transferring Assets (Other than Cash) and Outsiders Liabilities to the Realization Account, You Are Given the Following Information - Accountancy

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K and P were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. On 31-1-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information:

(a) Raman, a creditor for Rs.4, 20,000 accepted building valued at Rs.8, 00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Rajeev, a second creditor for Rs.1, 70,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.1, 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Ranjan, a third creditor for Rs.90,000 accepted investments of Rs.45,000 and a bank draft of Rs.43,000 in his favour in full settlement of his claim.

(d) P we appointed to do the work of dissolution for which he was allowed Rs.2,000. Actual expenses of dissolution Rs.2,400 were paid by P.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of K and P.

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Solution

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Dr. (Rs) Cr. (Rs)

(a)

 

 

 

(b)

 

(c)

 

 

 

 

(d)

 

 

Bank A/c                                                                                                                                            Dr

            To Realisation A/c

(Being Raman accepted building valued at Rs.8,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm)

 

No Entry

 

Realisation A/c                                                                                                                                    Dr

             To Bank A/c

(Being Ranjan accepted investments at Rs.45,000 and paid Rs.43,000 through bank draft in full settlement of his claim)

 

Realisation Capital A/c                                                                                                                          Dr

              To P's A/c

(Being P appointed for dissolution work allowed Rs.2,000 to him; actual expenses of Rs.2,400 were paid by P)

 

3,80,000

 

 

 

 

 

43,000

 

 

 

4,400

 

 

 

3,80,000

 

 

 

 

 

43,000

 

 

 

4,400

 

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2015-2016 (March) Foreign Set 1

RELATED QUESTIONS

Mr. Aaba and Mr. Baba are equal partners whose Balance Sheet as on 31 st March, 2012 was as under:

                                                               Balance Sheet as on

                                                                  31st March, 2012

Liabilities Amount(Rs.) Assets Amount(Rs.)
Sundry Creditors 16000 Cash in hand 500

Capital A/c

              Aaba

              Baba

 

2000

2000

Stock 4500
    Debtors 4000
    Plant and machinery 5000
    Furniture 2000
    Land and Building 4000
  20000   20000

 

Due to weak financial position of the partners the firm is dissolved.

Aaba and Baba are not able to contribute anything from their private estate, hence they are declared insolvent.

The assets are realised as follows :-

Stock Rs. 3,000, Plant and Machinery Rs. 3,000, Furniture Rs. 1,000, Land and Building Rs. 2,000 and Debtors Rs. 1,000 only.

Realisation expenses amounted to Rs. 500.

You are required to prepare necessary Ledger Accounts to close the books of the firm.


A, B, and C were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 2 : 2 : 1. Following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013.
 
Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013
Liabilities
Amount
(Rs. )
Assets
Amount
(Rs.)
Amount
(Rs.)
Capital Account
 
Machinery
 
25,000
A
30,000
Stock
 
10,000
B
10,000
Debtors
 27,500
 
C
10,000
Less: R.D.D.
1,500
26,000
General Reserve
3,000
Investment
 
12,000
Creditors
20,000
Profit and Loss A/c
 
9,000
A’s Loan Account
4,000
Bank
 
2,000
Bills Payable
7,000
     
 
84,000
   
84,000

On the above date, the partners decide to dissolve the firm.(1)  Assets were realised as -
Machinery Rs. 22,500, Stock Rs. 9,000, Investment Rs. 10,500, Debtors Rs. 22,500
(2) Dissolution expenses were Rs. 1,500.
(3) Goodwill of the firm realised Rs. 12,000
Pass the necessary journal entries int he books of the firm.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of court's intervention.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm on the basis of 'Economic Relationship'.


L and M were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs.1,40,000 accepted building valued at Rs.1, 80,000 and paid to the firm Rs.40,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs.30,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.28,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.70,000 accepted Rs.30,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.4,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Lal and Pal were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor of Rs.3,60,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.5,00,000 and paid to the firm Rs.1,40,000.

(b) A Second creditor for Rs.50,000 accepted stock at Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.90,000 accepted Rs.45,000 in cash and investments worth Rs.43,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.15,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and Dissolution of partnership firm ‘on the basis of closure of Books.


Prem and Suresh were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7: 8. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you given the following information :

(a) Raman, a creditor of  Rs 4, 00,000 accepted land valued at Rs 7,00,000 and paid Rs 3,00,000 to the firm.

(b) Gopal, a second creditor for Rs 1,05,000 accepted  Rs 90,000 in cash and investments of  Rs 14,000 in full settlement of his account.

(c) Hari, a third creditor amounting to Rs 75,000 accepted stock of the book value of Rs 60,000 for Rs 45,000 and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 45,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.

 

 


G and H were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 9: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account you are given the following information :

(a) Mohan, a creditor of Rs 2,30,000 accepted debtors of Rs  2,00,000 at a discount of 10% and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(b) Sohan, a second creditor for Rs 7,00,000 accepted land of the book value of Rs 10,00,000 at Rs 15,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by cheque.

(c) Ram, a third creditor for Rs 80,000 took over stock of book value of Rs 40,000 at Rs 30,000 and investments of Rs 48,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 48,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of G and H.


C and D were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs 2 00,000 accepted building of Rs 2,80,000 at Rs 2,20,000 and paid the firm Rs 20,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 75,000 accepted furniture at Rs 60,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 80,000 accepted Rs 20,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,500. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


E and F were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realization account you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor for Rs 3, 00,000 accepted building valued Rs 3, 75,000 and paid the firm Rs 75,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 93,000 accepted stock valued at Rs 90,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 60,000 accepted Rs 37,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 40,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of settlement of assets and liabilities.


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 9,000.

2) Expenses of dissolution Rs 3,400 were paid by a partner, Vishal

3) Shiv, a partner, agreed to do the work for dissolution for a commission of Rs 4,500. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 3,900 were paid from the firm's bank account.

4) Naveen, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for which he was allowed a remuneration of Rs 3,000. Naveen also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution Rs 2,700 were paid by Naveen.

5) Vivek, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 7,000. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 6,500 were paid by Rishi, another partner, on behalf of Vivek.

6) Gaurav, a partner, was appointed to look after the work of dissolution for a commission of Rs 12,500. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Gaurav took over furniture of Rs 12,500 as his commission. The furniture had already been transferred to realisation account.


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution Rs 500 were paid by John, a partner.

2) Joney, a partner, agreed to bear the dissolution expenses for a commission of 750. Actual dissolution expenses 650 were paid by Joney

3) Bony, partner agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 3,700. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 4,200 were paid by Bony from the firm’s cash.

4) Sony, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 10,000. Sony agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Sony took away stock worth Rs 10,000 as his remuneration. The stock had already been transferred to realisation account.

5) Vikky, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 12,000. Vikky also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 12,500 were paid by another partner, Clive, on behalf of Vikky.

6) Dissolution expenses were Rs 5,000


Prachi, Ritika and Ishita were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3: 2. In spite of repeated reminders by the authorities, they kept dumping hazardous material into a nearby river. The court ordered for the dissolution of their partnership firm on 31st March 2012. Prachi was deputed to realise the assets and pay the liabilities. She was aid Rs 1,000 as the commission for her services. The financial position of the firm was as follows:

Liabilities Rs Assets Rs

Creditors

Investment Fluctuation

Fund

Capitals

Prachi

Ritika

 

 

2,00,000

30,000

30,000

40,000

Furniture

Stock

Investments

Cash

Ishita's Capital

 

37,000

5,500

15,000

9,000

18,000

 

  84,500   84,500

Assets and liabilities are transferred to Realisation Account at their ______ value.


Devendra and Ganesh were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3: 2. They dissolved the partnership firm on 31st March 2013 when their position was as follows:
The assets realised as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31.03.2013
Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs.
Sundry Creditor 12,500 Debtors             56,250  
Bank Overdraft 10,000    Less: R.D.D.      6,250 50000
Reserve Fund 15,000 Stock 112500
Capital Accounts:   Furniture 25000
   Devendra   1,15,000   Motor Car 37500
   Ganesh         75,000   Cash in hand 2500
       
  227500   227500

(1) Debtors Rs. 45,000, stock Rs. 1,00,000 and goodwill Rs. 12,500

(2) The motor car was taken over by Devendra for Rs. 35,000 and furniture by Ganesh for Rs. 30,000.

(3) The creditors were paid Rs. 11,250 in full settlement.

(4) The realisation expenses were Rs. 5,000.

Pass necessary journal entries in the books of the firm.




On dissolution, the cash or bank account is closed automatically.


Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.


If any unrecorded liability is paid on dissolution of the firm ___________ is debited.


Ashwin, Bhavin and Pravin carried on business. They share profits an losses in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2 respectively. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2016 was as under :

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2016 

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Sundry creditors 42,000 Plant and machinery 40,000
Bhavin's loan 10,000 Investment 16,000
Reserve fund 40,000 Stock 60,000
Capital accounts :   Debtors                          36,000  
Ashwin 40,000 Less : R.D.D                    2,000  
Bhavin 20,000 Bank 10,000
Pravin 8,000    
  1,96,000   1,60,000

On the above date, the firm was dissolved, and the assets realised were as under :

1. Investment Rs 10,000. Stock Rs 48,000, and Debtors Rs  30,000

2. Plant and machinery were taken over by Ashwin at book value.

3. Sundry creditors and Bhavin's loan were paid in full.

4. Realisation expenses incurred Rs 2,000.

Prepare :
(1) Realisation Account
(2) Partners' Capital Account
(3) Bank Account


Answer in one sentence only.

What is a capital deficiency?


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Winding up of partnership business.


Akbar and Birbal were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2 respectively. Their balance sheet as on 31st march , 2013 was as follows :

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2013

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Capital A/c’s:   Plant and Machinery   40,000
Akbar 60,000 Furniture   12,000
Birbal 40,000 Sundry debtors     61,000 60,000
General reserve 20,000 Less: R.D.D.     1,000
Sundry creditors 39,700 Stock   28,300
    Bank   19,400
  1,59,700     1,59,700

On the above date, the firm was dissolved and the assets realised were as follows :
Plant and machinery ₹ 30,000.

Sundry debtors ₹ 58,000.
Furniture was taken over by Akbar for ₹ 10,000 and stock by Birbal for  27,000.
Sundry creditors were paid  ₹ 38,000 in full settlement of their claim.
Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 2,000.
Prepare :

(1) Realisation Account
(2) Partners’ Capital Accounts
(3) Bank Account


Answer in one sentence only.

What is dissolution of partnership firm?


Answer in one sentence only.

When is Realisation Account opened?


Answer in one Sentence only.
Why is Realisation Account opened?


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Debit balance in realisation account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Credit balance in Realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Bank Overdraft is transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statements is True or False.

At the time of dissolution of Partnership Firm all assets should be transferred to Realisation A/c.


State whether the following statement is True or False.
At the time of dissolution loan from partner will be transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

Realisation Loss is not transferred to the insolvent partner’s capital account.


In case of dissolution assets and liabilities are transferred to ______ A/c.


Deficiency of Insolvent partner will be suffered by solvent partners in their ___________ ratio.


If the number of partners in a firm falls below two, the firm stands_________.


Select the most appropriate alternative from those given below :

Realisation Account is __________on realisation of assets.


Select the most appropriate alternative from those given below :

All activities of the partnership firm cease (stop) on ____________ of firm.


Anil and Sunil were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3: 2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2009.

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2009
Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Account:   Bank 30,000
Anil 50,000 Stock 25,000
Sunil 30,000 Debtors 70,000
Current Account:   Plant 45,000
Anil 15,000 Building 35,000
Sunil 10,000    
Creditors 87,000    
Bills payable 13,000    
  2,05,000   2,05,000

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under:

1) Stock Rs 20,000, Debtors Rs 60,000, Plant Rs 40,000 and Building Rs 30,000.

2) Anil agreed to pay off the bills payable.

3) Creditors were paid in full.

4) Dissolution expenses were Rs 7,000. 

Prepare:
(i) Realisation Account
(ii) Bank Account
(iii) Current Account and Capital Account of the partners.


Mahesh, Suresh and Jayesh were partners of the firm. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March, 2012. Their Balance Sheet as on that date was as under:

        Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2012

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Creditors 18000 Cash at Bank 9600
Loan 4500 Sundry Assets 51000
Capitals   Debtors 72600 69000
Mahesh 82500 Less : R.D.D. 3600
Suresh 30000 Stock 23400
Jayesh 21000 Furniture 3000
  156000   156000

The firm was dissolved as follows:

1) Mahesh will accept furniture for Rs 2,000 and agreed accept the debtors of book value of Rs 60,000 at on agreed value of Rs 51,000.

2) Suresh will accept stock at an agreed value Rs 20,000, and Sundry Assets of Book value Rs 24,000 at Rs 23,500.

3) Jayesh will accept remaining Sundry Assets for Rs 25,000 He will further accept the liability of loan along with due interest at 12% p.a.

    Interest for three months on this loan was outstanding and was not recorded in the books.

4) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 1,000 and outstanding expenses of Rs 1,200 were to be paid from the firm.

5) The remaining debtors were realised Rs 7,000. 
Prepare:
1) Realisation A/c
2) Partner’s Capital A/c
3) Bank A/c


State the difference between dissolution of partnership and dissolution of partnership firm.


Distinguish between firm’s debts and partner’s private debts.


Explain the process of dissolution of a partnership firm?


What is a Realisation Account?


Land and Building (book value) ₹ 1,60,000 sold for ₹ 3,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission on the deal. Journalise the transaction, at the time of dissolution of the firm.


Manish and Co. Ltd. made an issue of 40000 equity shares of 20 each payable as follows :

Application                      ₹ 5 per share

Allotment                         ₹ 10 per share

First call                           ₹  3 per share

Second call and
final call                           ₹ 2 per share

The company received applications for 50000 share of which applications for 10000 shares were rejected and money refunded . All the shareholders paid upto second call except Sunita , the allotee of 400 shares , failed to pay the final call. the expenses of issuing amounted to ₹ 6000 .

Pass Journal entries in the books of Manish and Co . Ltd.


State whether the following statement is ‘True’ or ‘False’
On dissolution, cash or bank account is closed automatically.


Answer the following question:
State any two situations when a partnership firm can be compulsorily dissolved.


All activities of partnership firm cease on _________ of firm.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Debit balance of Realisation account.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

An account opened to find out the Profit or Loss on realisation of Assets and settlement of Liabilities.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Credit balance of realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

At the time of the dissolution of partnership, all assets should be transferred to Realisation Account.


Realisation profit of a firm is ₹ 6,000, partners share Profit & Loss in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. Calculate the amount of Realisation Profit to be credited to Partners Capital A/c.


Complete the table.

1) Debit side total of Realisaton A/c Credit side total of Realisation A/c Loss on Realisations
₹ 20,000 ? ₹ 4,000
2) Creditors Bills Payable Third-Party Liabilities
₹16,000 ₹12,000 ?
3) Credit side total Profit ion of Realisaton A/c Debit side total of Realisation A/c Profit of realisation
₹ 21,000 ₹16,000 ?
4) Debit side total of Capital A/c Credit side total of Capital A/c Cash brought by partner
₹ 51,000 ? ₹ 17,000
5) capital deficiency Cash brought by Insolvent Partner Insolvent loss
? ₹ 7,000 ₹ 21,000

Ganesh and Kartik are partners sharing Profits and Losses equally. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. Their Balance Sheets was as under :

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2018.
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Creditors 18,400 Building 88,000
Bills Payable 5,600 Furniture 12,000
Reserve Fund 20,000 Debtors 32,000
Capital A/c :   Stock 24,000
Ganesh 40,000 Bills Receivable 4,000
Kartik 80,000 Cash 4,000
  1,64,000   1,64,000

Assets were realised as under :

Building ₹82,000, Debtors ₹ 22,000, Stock ₹ 20,000. Bills Receivable ₹ 3,200 and Ganesh agreed to take over Furniture for ₹10,000. Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 2,000.

Show Realisation A/c, Partners’ Capital A/c and Cash A/c.


Shailesh and Shashank were partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 3:2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as follows.

Balance Sheets as on 31st December 2019.
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital Account :   Building 7000
Shailesh 10,000 Plant 9,000
Shashank 6,000 Debtors 14,000
Current Account :   Stock 5,000
Shailesh 3,000 Bank 6,000
Shashank 2,000    
Creditors 17,400    
Bills payable 2,600    
  41,000   41,000

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under.

1. Plant ₹ 8,000, Building ₹ 6,000, Stock ₹ 4,000 and Debtors ₹ 12,000.

2. Shailesh agreed to pay of the Bills Payable.

3. Creditors were paid in full.

4. Dissolution expenses were ₹ 1,400

Prepare Realisation A/c, Partners Current A/c, Partners Capital A/c, and Bank A/c


Seeta and Geeta are partners in the firm sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 4:1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March 2020 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows.

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital   Furniture 14,000
Seeta 90,000 Plant 65,000
Geeta 40,000 Trademark 8,000
Sundry Creditors 35,000 Sundry Debtors 48,000  
Bank Loan 15,000 Less - R. D. D 3,000 45,000
    Stock 30,000
    Cash in hand 10,000
    Advertisement Suspense 8,000
  1,80,000   1,80,000

Additional Information :

1. Plant and Stock taken over by Seeta ₹ 78,000, and ₹ 22,000 respectively

2. Debtors Realised 90% of the Book Value and Trademark at ₹ 5,000. and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 7,000.

3. Unrecorded assets estimated ₹4,500 was sold for ₹1,500.

4. ₹ 1,000 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

5. The Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 3,500

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c, and Partners Capital A/c


Sangeeta, Anita, and Smita were in partnership sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio 2: 2: 1. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as under:

Balance Sheets as on 31st March, 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital:   Land 2,10,000
Sangeeta 60,000 Plant 20,000
Anita 40,000 Goodwill 15,000
Smita 30,000 Debtors 1,25,000
Sangeeta’s Loan A/c 1,20,000 Loans and Advances 15,000
Sundry Creditors 1,20,000 Bank 5,000
Bills Payable 20,000    
  3,90,000   3,90,000

They decided to dissolve the firm as follows:

1. Assets realised as; Land recovered ₹ 1,80,000; Goodwill for ₹ 75,000; Loans and Advances realised ₹ 12,000; 10% of the Debts proved bad;

2. Sangeeta took Plant at book value.

3. Creditors and Bills payable paid at 5% discount.

4. Sangeeta’s Loan was discharged along with ₹ 6,000 as Interest.

5. There was a contingent liability in respect of bills of ₹ 1,00,000 which was under discount. Out of them, a holder of one bill of ₹ 20,000 became insolvent

Show Realisation Account, Partners Capital Account, and Bank Account.


Anita and Binita are partners in a firm. Anita had taken a loan of ₹ 15,000 from the firm. How will Anita’s loan be closed in the event of dissolution of the firm?


The object of a partnership firm is ______


Consider the following statements

Statement 1: "Dissolution takes place when the relation among the partner's comes to an end."

Statement 2: "This can be done either voluntarily or compulsorily."


A partnership firm is compulsorily dissolved:


On the basis of the following data, how much final payment will be made to a partner on firm's dissolution?

Credit balance of capital account of the partner was ₹ 50,000. Share of loss on realisation amounted to ₹ 10,000. Firm's liability taken over by him was for ₹ 8,000.


The account which is prepared on dissolution of a partnership firm:


On dissolution of a firm, a liability taken over by a partner is credited to ______.


In the event of dissolution of the firm, the partner's assets are first used for payment of the following:


Pick the odd one out.


At the time of the firm's dissolution, the balance of General Reserve shown in the Balance Sheet is credited to ______.


The court can make an order to dissolve the firm when ______.


At the time of dissolution of a firm, Creditors are ₹ 70,000; Firm’s Capital is ₹ 1,20,000; Cash Balance is ₹ 10,000. Other assets realised ₹ 1,50,000. Gain/Loss in the realisation account will be ______.


Charu, Dhwani, Iknoor and Paavni were partners in a firm. They had entered into partnership firm last year only, through a verbal agreement. They contributed Capitals in the firm and to meet other financial requirements, few partners also provided loan to the firm. Within a year, their conflicts arisen due to certain disagreements and they decided to dissolve the firm. The firm had appointed Ms. Kavya, who is a financial advisor and legal consultant, to carry on the dissolution process. In the first instance, Ms. Kavya had transferred various assets and external liabilities to Realisation A/c. Due to her busy schedule; Ms. Kavya has delegated this assignment to you, being an intern in her firm. On the date of dissolution, you have observed the following transactions:

  1. Dhwani’s Loan of ₹ 50,000 to the firm was settled by paying ₹ 42,000.
  2. Paavni’s Loan of ₹ 40,000 was settled by giving an unrecorded asset of ₹ 45,000.
  3. Loan to Charu of ₹ 60,000 was settled by payment to Charu’s brother loan of the same amount.
  4. Iknoor’s Loan of ₹ 80,000 to the firm and she took over Machinery of ₹ 60,000 as part payment.

You are required to pass necessary entries for all the above-mentioned transactions.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm' on the basis of Termination of business.


Mandar and Prasad are partners in a firm sharing profit & losses in the ratio of 3 : 2. The following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2019.

Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets   Amount (₹)
Capital A/c:   Building   72,000
Mandar 95,000 Plant & Machinery   60,000
Prasad 1,00,000 Furniture   10,000
Creditors 4,000 Debtors 42,000 40,000
Bills Payable 3,000 Less: RDD  2,000
    Bank   20000
  2,02,000     2,02,000

On 1st April, 2019 Shubham is admitted for 1/2 share on the following terms:

  1. He paid ₹ 1,00,000 as Capital ₹ 40,000 as his shares of goodwill by RTGS.
  2. Plant & Machinery revalued at ₹ 48,000.
  3. Building is taken over by Mandar at ₹ 100,000.
  4. Reserve for Doubtful Debts (RDD) to be increased upto ₹ 4,000.
  5. The old partners decided to retain half of the amount of goodwill in the business.
  6. The old partners decided to sacrifice equally.

Prepare Partners' Capital Account Only and show your working clearly.


Dino, Manu and Ramu are Partners Sharing Profits and Losses in the Ratio 2 : 2 : 1. They decided to dissolved the firm on 31st March, 2020. When their position was as under.

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2020
Liabilities Amount
(₹)
Assets Amount
(₹)
Capital A/c:     Building 78,000
 Dino 26,000 66,000 Computer 45,000
 Manu  22,000 Debtors 20,000 
 Ramu 18,000 Goodwill 35,000
Creditors   80,000 Bank 8,000
Bill Payable   40,000    
    1,86,000   1,86,000

The firm was dissolved on above date and the following is the result of realisation.

  1. The Assets were realised as Building ₹ 40,000, Computer ₹ 30,000, Debtors ₹ 10,000.
  2. Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 2,000.
  3. All partners were insolvent The following amount was recovered from them Dino ₹ 2,000 and Manu ₹ 2,000.

Prepare Necessary ledger account to close the books of the firm.


Total assets of a partnership firm, which was dissolved were ₹ 30,00,000 and its total liabilities were ₹ 6,00,000. Assets were realised at 80% and liabilities were settled at 5% less. If dissolution expenses were ₹ 30,000 the profit or loss on dissolution was ______.


Pass the necessary journal entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of the partnership firm of Tina and Rina after various assets (other than cash) and external liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account:

  1. An unrecorded asset of ₹ 18,000 was taken over by Tina at ₹ 16,000.
  2. Rina agreed to pay her brother's loan of ₹ 23,000.
  3. Stock of ₹ 30,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹  40,000 in full settlement.
  4. Expenses of dissolution ₹  40,000 were paid by Rina. 
  5. Creditors were paid ₹ 18,800 in full settlement of their account of ₹  20,000.
  6. Tina's loan of ₹  15,000 was paid through a cheque.

Pass necessary Journal Entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of a partnership firm of Mita and Sonu on 31st March, 2022 after the various assets other than cash and third party liabilities have been transferred to the Realisation Account.

  1. Creditors of ₹ 90,000 took over Land and Building of ₹ 2,00,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Sonu took over debtors amounting to ₹ 50,000 at ₹ 40,000.
  3. Realisation expenses ₹ 1,800 were paid by Sonu.
  4. A machine which was not recorded in the books was taken over by Mita at ₹ 11,000 while its expected market value was ₹ 15,000.
  5.  Sortu agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 20,000.
  6. Profit on dissolution amounted at ₹ 50,000.

A, B and C are in partnership business. A used ₹ 2,00,000 belonging to the firm without the information to other partners and made a profit of ₹ 35,000 by using this amount. Which decision should be taken by the firm to rectify this situation?


On the day of dissolution of the firm ‘Roop Brothers’ had partner’s capital amounting to ₹ 1,50,000 external liabilities ₹ 35,000, Cash balance ₹ 8,000 and P & L A/c (Dr.) ₹ 7,000. If Realisation expense and loss on Realisation amounted to ₹ 5,000 and ₹ 25,000 respectively, the amount realised by sale of assets is ______.


Sun and Kiran are partners sharing profits and losses equally. They decided to dissolve their firm. Assets and Liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account. Pass necessary Journal entries for the following:

  1. All partners are agreed that the process of realisation at the time dissolution will be accomplished by Sun for which he will be paid ₹ 10,000 along with the amount of expense which amounted to 2% of total value realised from the Assets on dissolution. Some assets were sold for Cash at a cumulative Value of ₹ 12,00,000 and the remaining were taken over by creditors at a valuation of ₹ 3,00,000.
  2. Deferred Advertisement Expenditure A/c appeared in the books at ₹ 28,000.
  3. Out of the Stock of ₹ 1,20,000; Kiran (a partner) took over 1/3 of the stock at a discount of 25% and 50% of remaining stock was took over by a Creditor of ₹ 30,000 in full settlement of his claim. Balance amount of stock realized at ₹ 25,000.
  4. An outstanding bill for repairs and renewal of ₹ 3,000 was settled through an unrecorded asset which was valued at ₹ 10,000. Balance being settled in Cash.

State whether you agree or disagree with following statement:

On dissolution cash/ bank account is closed automatically.


Complete the following table:

Debit side total of Realisation A/c Credit side total of Realisation A/c Loss on Realisation
₹ 30,000 ? ₹ 24,000
? ₹ 10,000 ₹ 40,000

Following is the Balance sheet of Ram, Shyam and Murari as on 31st March, 2023.

Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital   Furniture 10,800
Ram 18,000 Debtors 72,000
Shyam 10,800 Stocks 86,400
Creditors 1,44,000 Cash 3,600
Ram's Loan 36,000 3,600 36,000
  2,08,800   2,08,800

Due to the inability to pay the creditors, the firm is dissolved, Shyam and Murari cannot pay anything. Ram can contribute only ₹ 5,400 from his private estate. Stock realised ₹ 54,000. Debtors realised ₹ 57,600 and Furniture is sold for ₹ 3,600. Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 10,800.
Prepare necessary Ledger account to close the books of the firm.


Amul and Anand are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4 : 1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March, 2023 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital:     Furniture   19,600
Amul 1,26,000 1,82,000 Plant   91,000
Anand 56,000 Trademark   11,200
Sundry Creditors   49,000 Sundry Debtors 67,200  
Bank Loan   21 ,000 Less: R.D.D. 4,200 63,000
      Stock   42,000
      Cash in Hand   14,000
      Advertisement Suspense   11,200
    2,52,000     2,52,000

Additional Information:

(1) Plant and Stock taken over by Amul at ₹ 1,09,200 and ₹ 30,800 respectively.

(2) Debtors realised 90% of the book value and Trademark at ₹ 7,000 and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 37,800.

(3) Unrecorded assets estimated ₹ 6,300 was sold for ₹ 2,100.

( 4) ₹ 1,400 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

(5) The Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 4,900.

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c and Partner's Capital A/cs.


Mita and Sita, sharing profits in, the ratio 2 : 1, decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2022, on which date their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet of Mita and Sita
as on 31st March, 2022
Liabilities   (₹) Assets   (₹)
Sundry Creditors   40,000 Land & Building   29,000
Sita's Son's Loan   2,000 Plant & Machinery   20,000
Bank Overdraft   8,000 Stock   3,000
Capital Accounts:     Debtors 26,400 26,000
Mita  20,000 30,000 Less: Provision for
Doubtful Debts
400
Sita 10,000 Bank   2,000
    80,000     80,000

The partnership firm was dissolved on the date of the Balance Sheet subject to the following adjustments:

  1. Trade creditors accepted plant and machinery at an agreed valuation of 10% less than the book value and the balance in cash in full settlement of their claims.
  2. Debtors of ₹ 1,000 proved bad.
  3. Sita took over the stock at a discount of 20%.
  4. Realisation expenses of ₹ 1,100 were paid by the firm.

You are required to prepare the Realisation Account.


Lal, Bal and Pal were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. The following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2020.

Balance sheet as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital A/c   Machinery 50,000
Lal 60,000 Investments 24,000
Bal 20,000 Debtors 55,000 52,000
Pal 20,000 Less: R.D.D. (3,000)
General Reserve 6,000 Stock 20,000
Creditors 48,000 Profit and loss A/c 18,000
Bills Payable 14,000 Bank 4,000
  168000   168000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm.

(1) Assets were realised as:

Machinery ₹ 45000
Stock ₹ 18000
Investment ₹ 21000
Debtors ₹ 45000

(2) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 3000.

(3) Goodwill of the firm realised ₹ 24000.

Prepare:

  1. Realisation Account
  2. Partner's Capital Account
  3. Bank Account.

Read the following hypothetical situation and answer question on the basis of the same.

Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profit in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capital are ₹1,80,000; ₹1,60,000 and ₹2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Read the following hypothetical situation and answer question on the basis of the same.

Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profit in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capital are ₹1,80,000; ₹1,60,000 and ₹2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The partnership deed provide that interest on capital will be allowed @10% p.a. The amount of interest on Ishita's capital will be:


Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capitals are ₹ 1,80,000; ₹ 1,60,000 and ₹ 2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹ 7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


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