Answer in Brief
Justify the conservation of endangered species of plants and animals is necessary
- The conservation of endangered species is necessary to maintain the number of individuals of a species and study its life in the natural habitat. There are two types of methods of conservation of endangered species—ex situ conservation and in situ conservation.
- In situ conservation includes hot spots which protect, preserve and restore endangered species in their own habitats in protected areas which include grazing, cultivation etc. In situ conservation includes national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves.
- Ex situ conservation is the conservation of endangered species outside their natural habitats such as botanical gardens and zoological parks.
- We can also give importance to the most vulnerable species, and the habitats of the species can be safe-guarded by preventing human disturbances.
Concept: Conservation of Wildlife
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