Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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It is Said that Any Charge Given to a Conductor Comes to Its Surface. Should All the Protons Come to the Surface? - Physics

Answer in Brief

It is said that any charge given to a conductor comes to its surface. Should all the protons come to the surface? Should all the electrons come to the surface? Should all the free electrons come to the surface?

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Protons never take part in any electrical phenomena because they are inside the nuclei and are not able to interact easily. These are the free electrons that are responsible for all electrical phenomena. So, if a conductor is given a negative charge,  the free electrons come to the surface of the conductor. If the conductor is given a positive charge, electrons move away from the surface and leave a positive charge on the surface of the conductor. 

Concept: Electric Flux
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HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 8 Gauss’s Law
Q 7 | Page 139
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