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The Inside Perimeter of a Running Track (Shown in Fig. 20.24) is 400 M. the Length of Each of the Straight Portion is 90 M - Mathematics

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ConceptIntroduction of Mensuration

Question

The inside perimeter of a running track (shown in Fig. 20.24) is 400 m. The length of each of the straight portion is 90 m and the ends are semi-circles. If track is everywhere 14 m wide, find the area of the track. Also, find the length of the outer running track.

Solution



It is given that the inside perimeter of the running track is 400 m . It means the length of the inner track is 400 m . 
Let r be the radius of the inner semicircles . 
Observe: Perimeter of the inner track = Length of two straight portions of 90 m + Length of two semicircles
∴ 400 = (2 x 90) + (2 x Perimiter of a semicircle)
\[400 = 180 + (2 \times \frac{22}{7} \times r)\]
\[400 - 180 = (\frac{44}{7} \times r)\]
\[\frac{44}{7} \times r = 220\]
\[r = \frac{220 \times 7}{44} = 35 m\]
∴ Width of the inner track = 2r = 2 x 35 = 70 m
Since the track is 14 m wide at all places, so the width of the outer track: 70 + (2 x 14) = 98 m
∴ Radius of the outer track semicircles \[= \frac{98}{2} = 49 m\] 
Area of the outer track = (Area of the rectangular portion with sides 90 m and 98 m) + (2 x Area of two semicircles with radius 49 m)
\[ = (98 \times 90) + (2 \times \frac{1}{2} \times \frac{22}{7} \times {49}^2 )\]
\[ = (8820) + (7546)\]
\[ = 16366 m^2 \]
And, area of the inner track = (Area of the rectangular portion with sides 90 m and 70 m) + (2 x Area of the semicircle with radius 35 m)
\[ = (70 \times 90) + (2 \times \frac{1}{2} \times \frac{22}{7} \times {35}^2 )\]
\[ = (6300) + (3850)\]
\[ = 10150 m^2 \]
∴ Area of the running track = Area of the outer track - Area of the inner track
\[ = 16366 - 10150\]
\[ = 6216 m^2 \]
And, length of the outer track = (2 x length of the straight portion) + (2 \times perimeter of the semicircles with radius 49 m)
\[ = (2 \times 90) + (2 \times \frac{22}{7} \times 49)\]
\[ = 180 + 308\]
\[ = 488 m\]

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APPEARS IN

 RD Sharma Solution for Mathematics for Class 8 by R D Sharma (2019-2020 Session) (2017 to Current)
Chapter 20: Mensuration - I (Area of a Trapezium and a Polygon)
Ex. 20.1 | Q: 5 | Page no. 14
Solution The Inside Perimeter of a Running Track (Shown in Fig. 20.24) is 400 M. the Length of Each of the Straight Portion is 90 M Concept: Introduction of Mensuration.
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