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Solution - What Are Enzymes - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

Question

What are enzymes

Solution 1

Enzymes are proteins that catalyse biological reactions. They are very specific in nature and catalyse only a particular reaction for a particular substrate. Enzymes are usually named after the particular substrate or class of substrate and some times after the particular reaction.

For example, the enzyme used to catalyse the hydrolysis of maltose into glucose is named as maltase

Again, the enzymes used to catalyse the oxidation of one substrate with the simultaneous reduction of another substrate are named as oxidoreductase enzymes.

The name of an enzyme ends with ‘− ase’.

Solution 2

Enzymes are biological catalyst. Each biological reaction requires a different enzyme. Thus, as compared to conventional catalyst enzymes are very specific and efficient in their action. Each type of enzyme has its own specific optimum conditions of concentration, pH and temperature at which it works best.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Chemistry Textbook for Class 12 Part 2 (with solutions)
Chapter 14: Biomolecules
Q: 17 | Page no. 423

Video TutorialsVIEW ALL [1]

Reference Material

Solution for question: What Are Enzymes concept: Introduction of Enzymes. For the courses CBSE (Science), CBSE (Arts), PUC Karnataka Science, CBSE (Commerce)
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