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In Young'S Double Slit Experiment, Find Out the Intensity of Light at a Point Where Path Difference is λ/3 - Physics

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Numerical

In Young's double slit experiment, using monochromatic light of wavelength λ, the intensity of light at a point on the screen where path difference is λ, is K units. Find out the intensity of light at a point where path difference is λ/3.

In Young’s double-slit experiment using monochromatic light of wavelength λ, the intensity of light at a point on the screen where path difference is λ, is K units. What is the intensity of light at a point where path difference is λ /3?

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Solution 1

Phase difference = `(2pi)/lambda` × Path difference 

ϕ1 =`(2pi)/lambda` × λ = 2π 

where ϕ1 is the phase difference when the path difference is λ and the corresonding frequency is I1=K

`phi_2=(2pi)/lambdaxxlambda/3=(2pi)/3`

where ϕ2 is the phase difference when the path difference is the `lambda/3` and the corresponding frequency is I2 
Using equation (iv), we get:

`I_1/I_2=(4a^2cos^2(phi_1/2))/(4a^2cos^2(phi_2/2))=(cos^2((2pi)/2))/cos^2(((2pi)/3)/2)=(cos^2(ph))/cos^2(pi/3)=1/(1/(2^2))=4`

`K/I_2=4`

`I_2=K/4`

Solution 2

Let I1 and I2 be the intensity of the two light waves. Their resultant intensities can be obtained as:

`"I'" = "I"_1 + "I"_2 + 2sqrt("I"_1"I"_2) cos phi`

Where,

`phi` = Phase difference between the two waves

For monochromatic light waves,

`"I"_1 = "I"_2`

∴ I' = `"I"_1 + "I"_1 + 2sqrt("I"_1"I"_1) cos phi`

= `2"I"_1 + 2"I"_1 cos phi`

Phase difference = `(2pi)/lambda xx "Path diffrence"`

Since path difference = λ,

Phase difference, `phi` = 2π

∴ I' = `2"I"_1 + 2"I"_1 = 4"I"_1`

Given

I’ = K

∴ `"I"_1 = "K"/4` ..............(1)

When path difference = `pi/3`

Phase difference, `phi = (2pi)/3`

Hence, resultant intensity, `"i"_"R"^"'" = "I"_1 + "I"_1 + 2sqrt("I"_1"I"_1) cos  (2pi)/3`

= `2"I"_1 + 2"I"_1(-1/2) = "I"_1`

Using equation (1), we can write:

`"I"_"R" = "I"_1 = "K"/4`

Hence, the intensity of light at a point where the path difference is `pi/3` is `"K"/4` units.

Concept: Interference of Light Waves and Young’S Experiment
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Physics Textbook
Chapter 10 Wave Optics
Q 5 | Page 383
NCERT Physics Part 1 and 2 Class 12
Chapter 10 Wave Optics
Exercise | Q 10.5 | Page 383
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