In Which Amendment Act the Sindhi Language Was Included as 15th Regional Language in the Eight Schedule? - Legal Reasoning


In which Amendment act the Sindhi language was included as 15th regional language in the Eight Schedule?


  • 1st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956

  • 7th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956

  • 15th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1963

  • 21st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1967



21st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1967

Concept: Indian Constitution (Entrance Exams)
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Direction: The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Under our Constitution, the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary all have their own broad spheres of operation. Ordinarily it is not proper for any of these three organs of the State to encroach upon the domain of another, otherwise the delicate balance in the Constitution will be upset, and there will be a reaction. Judges must know their limits and must not try to run the Government. They must have modesty and humility, and not behave like Emperors. There is broad separation of powers under the Constitution and each organ of the State the legislature, the executive and the judiciary must have respect for the others and must not encroach into each other’s domains.

The theory of separation of powers first propounded by the French thinker Montesquieu (in his book ‘The Spirit of Laws' broadly holds the field in India too. In chapter XI of his book ‘The Spirit of Laws’ Montesquieu writes:

When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. Again, there is no liberty, if the judicial power is not separated from the legislative and executive. Were it joined with the legislative, the life and liberty of the subject would be exposed to arbitrary control; for the judge would be then the legislator. Were it joined to the executive power, the judge might behave with violence and oppression.

In India, the judiciary occupies an important place. The constitution visualizes an independent judiciary to safeguard the rights of citizens. In a democratic polity, the independent judiciary is a sine qua non to the effective functioning of the system. Administration has to function according to the law and the Constitution. The judiciary has an important role to play in protecting the citizen against the arbitrary exercise of power by administration. In the context of ever-expanding activities of government and discretionary powers vested in the various administrative agencies and public officials, the need to protect and safeguard the citizen's rights assumes significance and priority. In developing societies where the state is playing an important role in development, judiciary has a special responsibility to ensure social justice to the underprivileged sections of the community. However, it must be admitted that the courts cannot interfere in the administrative activities on their own accord even if such activities are arbitrary. They act only when their intervention is sought. Judicial intervention is restrictive in nature and limited in its scope.

Suppose the Judiciary has intervened in the questions involving, allotment of a particular bungalow to a Judge, specific bungalows for the Judges pool, monkeys capering in colonies, stray cattle on the streets, will it be safe to say that the Judiciary is disturbing the delicate balance of the Constitution?

Choose the most appropriate option:

Which one of the following is not a Directive Principle of State Policy under Part IV of the Constitution of India?

Mark the best option:
Who appoints the Advocate General?

Direction: Read the following carefully and answer the question given below

Although women now constitute 30 percent of the global industrial force, legal hurdles and traditional barriers still hinder the vast majority of women in their efforts to achieve parity with men.

The paragraph best supports the statement

Directions: The question below consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and another as ‘Reason’ (R). Examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items from the codes given below.

Assertion (A): It is the legal and constitutional duty of the State to provide legal aid to the poor.

Reason (R): No one should be denied justice by reason of his poverty.

Mark the best option:
Which one of the following statements is correct?
Right to free and compulsory education for all children of the age of 6 to 14 years is:

The Christian Missionaries were allowed to spread their religion in India, under the Act?

Which Act is associated with "Courts can interpret the rules and regulations."?

Which article is related to Special Address by the president?

During the British period under which act direct election was introduced in India?

Which of the following is not a writ issued by Supreme Court?

How many items contained in the State List?

How many items contained in the Concurrent List?

How many members are allowed to be elected in the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram? 

Which of the following constitutions is a unitary constitution?

Answer the question which follows from application of the under mentioned legal principle.

Principle: Every person has a right of self-defense if his life is under imminent threat.

Facts: Mr. Prashanth threatens Mr. Krishna that he will kill Mr. Krishna. After saying so, Mr. Prashanth goes to his house saying that he would get his axe.

Answer the question which follows from the application of the under mentioned legal principle.

Principle: The law permits citizens to use force only for protection when necessary against imminent attack.

Facts: P with the intention of committing theft entered the house of Q. Q, on seeing him entering, struck him with a lathi and P fell down unconscious. Thereafter, Q gave him another blow of lathi on his head which caused his death. On being prosecuted for murder, Q took the plea of private defense. Which of the following argument is valid?

The question consists of legal propositions/ principles (hereinafter referred to as 'principle') and facts. These principles have to be applied to the given facts to arrive at the most reasonable conclusion.

Principle: Licence is an agreement whereby the owner of the copyright agrees to grant an interest in the copyright to the licenses. Assignment is an agreement whereby the owner of the copyright transfers all the property rights to the assignee. Property right is a bundle of rights consisting of right to possess, right to use, right to alienate and the right to exclude others.

Facts: An owner of the copyright in a cinematographic film enters into an agreement with B, a film distributor. B agrees to distribute the film only in Mumbai. A also enters into many such agreements with other distributors for distribution of his film in other cities.

Principle: Damage without the violation of a legal right is not actionable in a court of law. If the interference with the rights of another person is not unlawful or unauthorized, but a necessary consequence of the exercise of defendant's own lawful rights, no action should lie.

Facts: There was an Established School ('ES') in a particular locality. Subsequently, a New School ('NS') was set up in the same locality, which charged lower fees, on account of which people started patronizing the new school. Because of the competition, 'ES' had to reduce its fees. 'ES' filed a case against 'NS' saying that 'NS' had caused it ('ES') financial loss and thus claimed compensation. Which of the following derivations is correct?

Which of the following statements is correct?


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