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In this Question, Read the Given Argument Or Statement Carefully, Making Any Factual Assumptions Necessary. - Logical Reasoning

Question

MCQ

In this question, read the given argument or statement carefully, making any factual assumptions necessary. Then choose the best answer out of the four choices to the question asked. Note that not all the facts given will be relevant for determining the answer.

`Utilitarians believe that the right action is that which produces the most happiness.' Which of the following claims is incompatible with the utilitarian view?

Options

  • The right thing to do is to make the consequences of our actions as good as possible.

  • The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences.

  • The right thing to do is to act on a rule which, if followed widely, produces the most happiness.

  • The right thing to do is to act from motivations which produce the most happiness.

Solution

The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences.

Explanation:

'The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences.' states that one should do one’s duty without giving any consideration to the consequences (happiness of misery). Thus, 'The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences.' is incompatible with the belief of Utilitarians.

Concept: Statement and Assumption (Entrance Exam)
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