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In Some of the Reactions Thallium Resembles Aluminium, Whereas in Others It Resembles with Group I Metals. Support this Statement by Giving Some Evidences. - Chemistry

In some of the reactions thallium resembles aluminium, whereas in others it resembles with group I metals. Support this statement by giving some evidences.

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Solution 1

Thallium belongs to group 13 of the periodic table. The most common oxidation state for this group is +3. However, heavier members of this group also display the +1 oxidation state. This happens because of the inert pair effect. Aluminium displays the +3 oxidation state and alkali metals display the +1 oxidation state. Thallium displays both the oxidation states. Therefore, it resembles both aluminium and alkali metals.

Thallium, like aluminium, forms compounds such as TlCl3 and Tl2O3. It resembles alkali metals in compounds Tl2O and TlCl.

Solution 2

Tl shows both the oxidation state +1 and +3 due to inert pair effect. Tl forms basic oxide like group I elements. TlO2 is strongly basic

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NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 11 The p-Block Elements
Q 27 | Page 325
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