In India, a Tax on Agricultural Income Can Be Levied by - Legal Reasoning


In India, a tax on agricultural income can be levied by 


  • both the Central and State Governments 

  • neither the Central nor the State Governments 

  • only the State Governments 

  • only the Central Government



only the State Governments 

Concept: Indian Constitution (Entrance Exams)
  Is there an error in this question or solution?


One of the reasons for recusal of a Judge is that litigants/the public might entertain a reasonable apprehension about his impartiality. As Lord Chief Justice Hewart said: "It is not merely of some importance but is of fundamental importance that justice should not only be done but should manifestly and undoubtedly be seen to be done." And therefore, in order to uphold the credibility of the integrity institution, Judge recuses from hearing the case. A Judge of the Supreme Court or the High Court, while assuming Office, takes an oath as prescribed under Schedule III to the Constitution of India, that: "… I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will duly and faithfully and to the best of my ability, knowledge and judgment perform the duties of my office without fear or favour, affection or ill-will and that I will uphold the Constitution and the laws." Called upon to discharge the duties of the Office without fear or favour, affection or ill-will, it is only desirable, if not proper, that a Judge, for any unavoidable reason like some pecuniary interest, affinity or adversity with the parties in the case, direct or indirect interest in the outcome of the litigation, family directly involved in litigation on the same issue elsewhere, the Judge being aware that he or someone in his immediate family has an interest, financial or otherwise that could have a substantial bearing as a consequence of the decision in the litigation, etc., to recuse himself from the adjudication of a particular matter. No doubt, these examples are not exhaustive. The simple question is, whether the adjudication by the Judge concerned, would cause reasonable doubt in the mind of a reasonably informed litigant and the fair-minded public as to his impartiality. Being an institution whose hallmark is transparency, it is only proper that the Judge discharging high and noble duties, at least broadly indicate the reasons for recusing from the case so that the litigants or the well-meaning public may not entertain any misunderstanding. Once the reasons for recusal are indicated, there will not be any room for attributing any motive for the recusal. To put it differently, it is part of his duty to be accountable to the Constitution by upholding it without fear or favour, affection or ill- will. Therefore, I am of the view that it is the constitutional duty, as reflected in one's oath, to be transparent and accountable, and hence, a Judge is required to indicate reasons for his recusal from a particular case.

What kind of institution the judiciary is referred to in the passage?

Principle: Property consists of a right to possess, right to use, right to alienate and right to exclude others. A sale is complete when the property gets transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Facts:  'A‘ sold his car to 'B‘ B requested A to keep the car in his care on behalf B for one month. A agreed. 

Originally it was laid down in the Constitution that English shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the union for a period of 

Fill in the blanks: Choose the pair of words that complete the sentence to make logical sense.

The NDA led Government notified the __________ and the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, thus ending the over two-decade-old _________ of appointing judges of Supreme Court and high courts. Under the new law, a six-member panel headed by __________ will select judges of the apex court and state high courts. 

Mark the best option:
Who presided over a joint sitting of the lower and upper house of the Parliament?

A Panchayat Samiti at the block level in India is only a/an:

Which of the following is NOT a fundamental duty as per the provisions of the Constitution of India?

Mark the best option:

  1. Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution guarantees to all citizens the right to 'freedom of speech and expression'.
  2. This freedom includes the right to express one's views and opinions on any issue through any medium, e.g., by word of mouth, writing, printing picture, Rim, movie, etc.
  3. Reasonable restrictions may be imposed by the State on this freedom, 'in the interests of the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency, morality, sovereignty and integrity of India, or 'in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offense'
  4. While the Apex court has justified pre-censorship of a film because it caters to a mass audience, it has held that if the film is unobjectionable and cannot constitutionally be restricted under Article 19(2), freedom of expression cannot be suppressed on account of threat of demonstration or threats of violence.
  5. There is a difference between 'public order' and 'public tranquility', in that such acts as disturbing only the serenity of others may not fall within the term 'public order'.

Facts: Schoen Frederick Muller is an eminent businessman of German origin. He is known to have a fascination for showbusiness. He has recently produced a film on how a group of four detectives from different parts of the world unearths a conspiracy to assassinate a leader at the United Nations, and one of them turns out to be an accomplice in the plan. The film was awarded as the 'Best Motion Picture (Fiction)' in the Berlin Film Festival. The film is taken for exhibition in India by Spread the Word, an agency headed by Ritesh Zakaria, an Indian citizen.

Facts: Ritesh Zakaria wanted to promote the film. As part of one of the publicity campaigns, a three-hour function was organized in a neighborhood park, targeting a larger class of audience. He personally came to promote the film and started talking about detectives and their lifestyle over loudspeakers. It was a re-enactment of one of the scenes in the film. A group of students from the neighborhood get aggravated with the noise and vandalize the site of the event.
Which of the following statements is correct?

In which Constitutional Amendment Act seats of Lok Sabha were increased from 525 to 545?

Which of the following is not a constitutional body?

For how long did the Constituent Assembly work on the Constitution of India?

Schedule Ninth of the Indian Constitution deals with 

Which of the following countries have no right to acquire the Overseas Citizen of India by the persons of Indian origin?

The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible for whom?

In the question given below are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). In the context of the two statements, which of the following is correct?
Assertion (A): The Indian Constitution recognises the supremacy of the judiciary.
Reason (R): The question as to what constitutes a reasonable restriction on Fundamental Rights is to be determined by the Court of Law.

Which of the following part of the Constitution contains provisions regarding panchayats? 

Which one of the following Directive Principles is non-Gandhian?

Which of the following is not a fundamental right in India?

The following questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.

Assertion (A): The Indian Constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949.

Reason (R): Law Day is celebrated in India on 26th November every year. 

The following questions consist of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.

Assertion (A): Directive Principles of State Policy contained in Part IV shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.

Reason (R): Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights are both complementary to each other but in case of any controversy fundamental rights will prevail.


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