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In the Given Figure, Pq || Rs, ∠Aef = 95°, ∠Bhs = 110° and ∠Abc = X°. Then the Value of X is - Mathematics

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MCQ

In the given figure, PQ || RS, ∠AEF = 95°, ∠BHS = 110° and ∠ABC = x°. Then the value of x is

Options

  •  15°

  • 25°

  • 70°

  • 35°

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Solution

In the given figure,

PQ || RS

Also,∠AEFand ∠1 are the corresponding angles.

Then, according to the Corresponding Angles Axiom, which states:

If a transversal intersects two parallel lines, then each pair of corresponding angles are equal.

Therefore,

 ∠1 = ∠AEF

It is given that

 ∠AEF = 95°

Therefore,

 ∠1 = 95°

Clearly, ∠1 and ∠2form a linear pair, therefore, their sum must be supplementary.

Therefore,

 ∠1 + ∠2 = 180°

On substituting ∠1 = 95°in equation above, we get:

95° +  ∠2 =180°

           ∠2 = 180° - 95°

           ∠2 = 85°

In ΔBHG:

We know that, in a triangle exterior angle is equal to the sum of the interior opposite angles. Therefore,

∠2+x = ∠BHS

Substituting  ∠BHS =110°

and ∠2 = 85°, we get :

85° + x = 110°

          x = 110° - 85°

          x = 25°

Concept: Parallel Lines and a Transversal
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 9
Chapter 10 Lines and Angles
Q 13 | Page 53

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