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In the Given Figure, If Bp || Cq and Ac = Bc, Then the Measure of X is - Mathematics

MCQ

In the given figure, if BP || CQ and AC = BC, then the measure of x is

Options

  •  20°

  • 25°

  •  30°

  • 35°

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Solution

In the given figure,  BP || CQ and  AC || BC

We need to find the measure of x

Here, we draw a line RS parallel to BP, i.e BP || RS 

Also, using the property, “two lines parallel to the same line are parallel to each other”

As,

 BP || RS 

 BP || CQ

Thus, RS || CQ

Now,  BP || RS  and BA is the transversal, so using the property, “alternate interior angles are equal”

∠PBA = ∠BAS

∠BAS = 20°          .......... (1)

Similarly,  CQ|| RS and AC is the transversal

∠QCA = ∠SAC 

  ∠SAC = x                              ........(2)

Adding (1) and (2), we get

∠SAC + ∠BAS = 20° + x

∠A = 20° + x

Also, as  AC = BC

Using the property,”angles opposite to equal sides are equal”, we get

∠ABC = ∠CAB

∠ABC = 20° + x

Further, using the property, “an exterior angle is equal to the sum of the two opposite interior angles”

In ΔABC

ext. ∠C = ∠CAB + ∠ABC

70° + x = 20° + x + 20° + x

70° + x = 40° + 2x

70° - 40° = 2x - x

         x = 30° 

Thus,  x = 30° 

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 9
Chapter 11 Triangle and its Angles
Q 22 | Page 28
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