In the Given Figure, Bdc is a Tangent to the Given Circle at Point D Such that Bd = 30 Cm and Cd = 7 Cm. (Ii) Radius of the Circle. - Mathematics

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Answer in Brief

In the given figure, BDC is a tangent to the given circle at point D such that BD = 30 cm and CD = 7 cm. The other tangents BE and CF are drawn respectively from B and C to the circle and meet when produced at A making BAC a right angle triangle. Calculate (ii) radius of the circle.

 

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Solution

 Let us join the point of contact E with the centre of the circle say O. Also, let us join the point of contact F with the centre of the circle O. Now we have a quadrilateral AEOF.

In this quadrilateral we have,

`∠EAD = 90^0`(Given in the problem)

`∠oda = 90^0`(Since the radius will always be perpendicular to the tangent at the point of contact)

`∠OEA = 90^0`(Since the radius will always be perpendicular to the tangent at the point of contact)

We know that the sum of all angles of a quadrilateral will be equal to `360^o`. Therefore,

`∠EAD + ∠ ODA + ∠ EOD + ∠ OEA = 360^o`

`90^0+90^o +90^o + ∠EOD = 360^o`

` ∠EOD = 90^o`

Since all the angles of the quadrilateral are equal to 90° and the adjacent sides are equal, this quadrilateral is a square. Therefore all the sides are equal. We have found that

AF = 5

Therefore,

OD = 5

OD is nothing but the radius of the circle.

Thus we have found that AF = 5 cm and radius of the circle is 5 cm.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Chapter 8: Circles - Exercise 8.2 [Page 37]

APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 8 Circles
Exercise 8.2 | Q 29.2 | Page 37

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