In the given figure, ABC and ABD are two triangles on the same base AB. If line-segment CD is bisected by AB at O, show that ar (ABC) = ar (ABD). - Mathematics

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In the given figure, ABC and ABD are two triangles on the same base AB. If line-segment CD is bisected by AB at O, show that ar (ABC) = ar (ABD).

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Solution

Consider ΔACD.

Line-segment CD is bisected by AB at O. Therefore, AO is the median of

ΔACD.

∴ Area (ΔACO) = Area (ΔADO) ... (1)

Considering ΔBCD, BO is the median.

∴ Area (ΔBCO) = Area (ΔBDO) ... (2)

Adding equations (1) and (2), we obtain

Area (ΔACO) + Area (ΔBCO) = Area (ΔADO) + Area (ΔBDO)

⇒ Area (ΔABC) = Area (ΔABD)

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Chapter 9: Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles - Exercise 9.3 [Page 162]

APPEARS IN

NCERT Mathematics Class 9
Chapter 9 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles
Exercise 9.3 | Q 4 | Page 162

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