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In an Experiment with Foucault'S Apparatus, the Various Distances Used Are as Follows: Distance Between the Rotating and the Fixed Mirror = 16 M - Physics

Sum

In an experiment with Foucault's apparatus, the various distances used are as follows:
Distance between the rotating and the fixed mirror = 16 m
Distance between the lens and the rotating mirror = 6 m,
Distance between the source and the lens = 2 m.
When the mirror is rotated at a speed of 356 revolutions per second, the image shifts by 0.7 mm. Calculate the speed of light from these data.

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Solution

Distance between the rotating and the fixed mirror (R) = 16 m
Distance between the lens and the rotating mirror (b) = 6 m
Distance between the source and the lens (a) = 2 m
Mirror is rotated at a speed of 356 revolutions per second
 ⇒ ω = 356 rev/s= 356 × 2 π rad/sec
Shift in the image (s) = 0.7 m = 0.7 × 103 m
In Foucault experiment, speed of light is given by \[c = 4 R^2 \frac{wa}{s(R + b)}\]

\[= \frac{4 \times (16 )^2 \times 356 \times 2\pi \times 2}{(0 . 7) \times {10}^{- 3} (16 + 6)}\]

= 2.975 × 108 m/s
Therefore, the required speed of light is 2.975 × 108 m/s.

Concept: Speed of Light
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, 12 Concepts of Physics 1
Chapter 21 Speed of Light
Q 2 | Page 448
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