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In Each of the Following a Force, F Is Acting on an Object of Mass, M. the Direction of Displacement is from West to East Shown by the Longer Arrow. Observe the Diagrams Carefully and State Whether the Work Done by the Force is Negative, Positive Or Zero. - Science

In each of the following a force, F is acting on an object of mass, m. The direction of displacement is from west to east shown by the longer arrow. Observe the diagrams carefully and state whether the work done by the force is negative, positive or zero.

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Solution

Work is done whenever the given two conditions are satisfied:

(i) A force acts on the body.

(ii) There is a displacement of the body by the application of force in or opposite to the direction of force.

Case I

 

In this case, the direction of force acting on the block is perpendicular to the displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block will be zero.

Case II

 

In this case, the direction of force acting on the block is in the direction of displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block will be positive.

Case III

 

In this case, the direction of force acting on the block is opposite to the direction of displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block will be negative.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 9 Science Textbook
Chapter 11 Work and Energy
Q 18 | Page 159
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