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In the Below Fig. X and Y Are the Mid-points of Ac and Ab Respectively, Qp || Bc and Cyq and Bxp Are Straight Lines. Prove that Ar (δ Abp) = Ar (δAcq). - Mathematics

In the below fig. X and Y are the mid-points of AC and AB respectively, QP || BC and
CYQ and BXP are straight lines. Prove that ar (Δ ABP) = ar (ΔACQ).

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Solution

Since x and y are the midpoint AC and AB respectively

∴ XY ll BC

Clearly, triangles BYC and BXC are on the same base BC and between the same parallels
XY and BC

  ∴ area (ΔBYC)  = area (BXC)

⇒  area  (ΔBYC) = ar (ΔBOC) = ar (ΔBXC) - ar (BOC)

⇒  ar (ΔBOY) = ar (ΔCOX)

⇒ ar ( BOY) + ar (XOY) = ar (ΔCOX) + ar (ΔXOY)

⇒ ar  (ΔBXY = ar (ΔCXY)

We observe that the quadrilateral XYAP and XYAQ are on the same base XY and between
the same parallel XY and PQ.

  ∴ area (quad XYAP ) ar (quad XYPA)        ....(2)

Adding (1) and (2), we get

ar (ΔBXY) + ar (quad  XYAP) = ar (CXY) + ar (quad XYQA)

⇒ ar (ΔABP) = ar (ΔACQ)

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 9
Chapter 14 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles
Exercise 14.3 | Q 25 | Page 47
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