In a right triangle ABC in which ∠B = 90°, a circle is drawn with AB as diameter intersecting the hypotenuse AC and P. Prove that the tangent to the circle at P bisects BC.

#### Solution

**Given:** In a right angle ΔABC is which ∠B = 90°, a circle is drawn with AB as diameter intersecting the hypotenuse AC at P.

Also PQ is a tangent at P

**To Prove:** PQ bisects BC i.e. BQ = QC

**Proof:** ∠APB = 90° ......[Angle in a semicircle is a right-angle]

∠BPC = 90° ......[Linear Pair ]

∠3 + ∠4 = 90 ......[1]

Now, ∠ABC = 90°

So in ΔABC

∠ABC + ∠BAC + ∠ACB = 180°

90 + ∠1 + ∠5 = 180

∠1 + ∠5 = 90 ......[2]

Now, ∠1 = ∠3 .......[Angle between tangent and the chord equals angle made by the chord in alternate segment]

Using this in [2] we have

∠3 + ∠5 = 90 ......[3]

From [1] and [3] we have

∠3 + ∠4 = ∠3 + ∠5

∠4 = ∠5

QC = PQ ......[Sides opposite to equal angles are equal]

But Also PQ = BQ ......[Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal]

So, BQ = QC

i.e. PQ bisects BC.