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(A) What is Meant by a Functional Group? Explain with an Example. - CBSE Class 10 - Science

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Question

What is meant by a functional group? Explain with an example.

Solution

Functional group: An atom or a group of atoms which determine the properties of an organiccompound is called a functional group.  
For example: The alcohol group -OH is also known as an alcoholic group or hydroxyl group. The compounds in which the alcohol group is present are termed as alcohols. The general formula of an alcohol is R-OH (R is an alkyl group) like ethanol which has the molecular formula C2H5OH. All the compounds having this functional group will have similar properties.

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APPEARS IN

 Lakhmir Singh Solution for Chemistry for Class 10 (2019 Exam) (2018 to Current)
Chapter 4: Carbon And Its Compounds
Q: 39.1 | Page no. 242
Solution (A) What is Meant by a Functional Group? Explain with an Example. Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanol.
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