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If a = Matrix ((2,3,10),(4,-6,5),(6,9,-20))`, Find `A Power (-1)`. Using `Apower(-1) Solve the System of Equation 2byx + 3byy +10/Z = 2`;`4by - 6byy + 5byz = 5`; 6byx + 9byy - 20byz = -4` - CBSE (Commerce) Class 12 - Mathematics

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Question

if A =  `((2,3,10),(4,-6,5),(6,9,-20))`, Find `A^(-1)`. Using `A^(-1)` Solve the system of equation `2/x + 3/y +10/z = 2`; `4/x - 6/y + 5/z = 5`; `6/x + 9/y - 20/z = -4`

Solution

Let 1/x be a, 1/y be b and 1/x be c

Here

A = `[(2,3,10),(4,-6,5),(6,9,-20)]` and B = `[(2),(5),(-4)]`

|A| = `[(2,3,10),(4,-6,5),(6,9,-20)]`

= 2(120 - 45) -3 (-80-30) +10 (36 + 36)

= 150 + 330 + 720

= 1200

Let `C_(ij)` be the cofactors of the elements `a_(ij)` in `A[a_(ij)]` Then

`X = A^(-1)B`

`=>[(a),(b),(c)] = 1/1200 [(75,150,75),(110,-100,30),(72,0,-24)][(2),(5),(-4)]`

`=> [(a),(b),(c)] = 1/1200 [(150+750-300),(220-500-120),(144+0+96)]`

`=> [(a),(b),(c)] = 1/1200 [(600),(-400),(240)]`

`=> [(a),(b),(c)] = [(1/2),(1/(-3)), (1/5)]`

`=> x = 1/a = 2, y = 1/b = -3, " and " z = 1/c = 5`

∴ x = 2, y = 3 and z = 5

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Solution If a = Matrix ((2,3,10),(4,-6,5),(6,9,-20))`, Find `A Power (-1)`. Using `Apower(-1) Solve the System of Equation 2byx + 3byy +10/Z = 2`;`4by - 6byy + 5byz = 5`; 6byx + 9byy - 20byz = -4` Concept: Minors and Co-factors.
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