# If D, E, F are the midpoints of the sides BC, CA, AB of a triangle ABC, prove that ADBECFAD¯+BE¯+CF¯=0¯. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

If D, E, F are the midpoints of the sides BC, CA, AB of a triangle ABC, prove that bar"AD" + bar"BE" + bar"CF" = bar0.

#### Solution

Let bar"a", bar"b", bar"c", bar"d", bar"e", bar"f" be the position vectors of the points A, B, C, D, E, F respectively.

Since D, E, F are the midpoints of BC, CA, AB respectively, by the midpoint formula

bar"d" = (bar"b" + bar"c")/2, bar"e" = (bar"c" + bar"a")/2, bar"f" = (bar"a" + bar"b")/2

∴ bar"AD" + bar"BE" + bar"CF" = (bar"d" - bar"a") + (bar"e" - bar"b") + (bar"f" - bar"c")

= ((bar"b" + bar"c")/2 - bar"a") + ((bar"c" + bar"a")/2 - bar"b") + ((bar"a" + bar"b")/2 - bar"c")

= 1/2bar"b" + 1/2bar"c" - bar"a" + 1/2bar"c" + 1/2bar"a" - bar"b" + 1/2bar"a" + 1/2bar"b" - bar"c"

= (bar"a" + bar"b" + bar"c") - (bar"a" + bar"b" + bar"c") = bar0.

Concept: Section Formula
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