# If the coordinates of the mid points of the sides of a triangle are (1, 1), (2, – 3) and (3, 4) Find its centroid - Mathematics

Sum

If the coordinates of the mid points of the sides of a triangle are (1, 1), (2, – 3) and (3, 4) Find its centroid

#### Solution

Let P (1, 1), Q(2, –3), R(3, 4) be the mid-points of sides AB, BC and CA respectively of triangle ABC. Let A(x_1 , y_1 ), B(x_2 , y_2 )   be the vertices of triangle ABC.

Then, P is the mid-point of BC

\Rightarrow (x_{1}+x_{2})/{2}=1,(y_{1}+y_{2})/{2}=1

⇒ x_1 + x_2 = 2 and y_1 + y_2 = 2 …(1)

Q is the mid-point of BC

\Rightarrow (x_{2}+x_{3})/{2}=2,(y_{2}+y_{3})/{2}=-3

⇒ x_2 + x_3 = 4 and y_2 + y_3 = – 6 …(2)

R is the mid-point of AC

\Rightarrow (x_{1}+x_{3})/{2}=3,(y_{1}+y_{3})/{2}=4

⇒ x_1 + x_3 = 6 and y1_1 + y_3 = 8 …(3)

From (1), (2) and (3), we get

x_1 + x_2 + x_2 + x_3 + x_1 + x_3 = 2 + 4 + 6 and, y_1 + y_2 + y_2 + y_3 + y_1 + y_3 = 2 – 6 + 8

x_1 + x_2 + x_3 = 6 and y_1 + y_2 + y_3 = 2 …(4)

The coordinates of the centroid of ∆ABC are

( (x_{1}+x_{2}+x_{3})/{3},(y_{1}+y_{2}+y_{3})/{3})=( \frac{6}{3},\frac{2}{3})

=( 2,\ \frac{2}{3})

Concept: Section Formula
Is there an error in this question or solution?

Share