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If a and B Are Two Independent Events Such that P ( a ∩ B ) = 1 6 and P ( a ∩ B ) = 1 3 , Then Write the Values of P (A) and P (B). - Mathematics

If A and B are two independent events such that \[P (A \cap B) = \frac{1}{6}\text{ and }  P (A \cap B) = \frac{1}{3},\]  then write the values of P (A) and P (B).

 
 
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Solution

\[P\left( \bar{A} \cap B \right) = 1 - P\left( A \cup B \right)\] 

\[\Rightarrow P\left( A \cup B \right) = 1 - P\left( \bar{A} \cap B \right) = 1 - \frac{1}{3} = \frac{2}{3}\]

By addition theorem, we have:
P (A ∪ B) = P(A) + P (B) - P (A ∩ B)
∴ P(A) + P (B) = P (A ∪ B) + P (A ∩ B)
                         =\[\frac{2}{3} + \frac{1}{6} = \frac{4 + 1}{6} = \frac{5}{6}\]

Thus, P(A) + P (B) = \[\frac{5}{6}\]  ...(i)
Again, P (A ∩ B) = P(A) × P(A) = \[\frac{1}{6}\]

By formula, we have:
{P(A) − P (B)}2 = {P(A) + P (B)}2 − 4 × P(A) × P(B)
                          = \[\left( \frac{5}{6} \right)^2 - \frac{4}{6} = \frac{25}{36} - \frac{4}{6} = \frac{25 - 24}{36} = \frac{1}{36}\]

∴ P(A) − P(B) = \[\frac{1}{6}\]  ...(ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get:
2P(A) = 1
Hence, P(A) = \[\frac{1}{2}\]  and P(B) = \[\frac{1}{3}\] .

 
 
 
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 33 Probability
Q 10 | Page 71
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